Archive for the ‘Cherubims’ Category

Adam-The Anointed Cherub

March 9, 2011

 

Adam, The Anointed Cherubim

By: Julian James

The study of cherubim has been most revealing in the area of spiritual maturity and divine sonship. I have prayed and meditated at length as to why this theme is so important to the body of Christ right now. It is my determination that the study of cherubim helps us to understand the authority that man had in the earth before the fall of Adam. It also gives us a preview of our future glory in Christ Jesus. There has been no real consensus in Church History as the origin and character of these creatures.

From our past articles we know that some commentators have linked cherubim with angels. It is easy to confuse these two spiritual, but yet distinctly different creatures. Cherubim are far more superior creatures. They are representations of God’s character and likeness (Ezekiel 1:3), and are more in the image of God than angels. Man, specifically redeemed man, is the only being in scripture that displays characteristics of cherubim. We know that these creatures were charged to “keep” the way to the Tree of Life (Genesis 3:24), after Adam failed to “keep” the way.

“Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and KEEP it.” (Genesis 2:15)

This makes Adam the ORIGINAL KEEPER OF THE GARDEN. He maintained the same “post” and authority that the cherubim upheld after the fall. In fact, the cherubim were placed there to keep the way to the Tree of Life, and not so much to keep man out. If you look closely at the text the cherubim are not placed at the entrance until after Adam and Eve are banished from the garden.

“So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. AFTER he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way TO the Tree of Life.” (Genesis 3:23-24)

In other words, these creatures were placed in the Garden to keep the way to the Tree of Life until one who was worthy enough to pass by the flaming sword (judgment)would arrive. We know this one was Jesus and he rent the veil in two passing by the flaming swords and entering Eden with his own blood. He then gave birth to a colony of sons that were now allowed to pass by the flaming swords as well. He did this so that we might become “keepers” of the way to the Tree of Life for many other future sons. In other words, as over-comers in Christ we all have access to the Tree of Life again (Revelation 2:7).

Today, I want to challenge your theology a little by trying to bring some clarity to a doctrine that is all to familiar in Christian circles. It is the doctrine Of Satan/Lucifer. This teaching/tradition asserts that Satan was once the anointed cherub, Lucifer. Some conclude that he was the highest of three arch angels in Heaven. The title of Lucifer or Day Star is applied to this creature because it is believed that this angel once covered Heaven’s number one position. There are two texts in the Old Testament by which this Theology is built upon, Ezekiel 28:1-18 and Isaiah 14:12-17. It is noteworthy to observe that both of these texts speak of fallen kings and not fallen angels. In fact, you will not find any references to angels in either of these texts. It is also equally imperative that we capture the contextualization for today’s application. We will consider both texts and hopefully expand our understanding about the “guardian cherub that covers”and Lucifer, the bright and morning star. It is my humble prayer that I might connect with the mind of the readers and allow the Spirit to illuminate these texts from the point of view of the original authors. I am aware that there is symbolism within these texts that needs to be addressed. I also know that there is typology in terms of the “Spirit” that ruled these two kings. It is my assertion and the point of this article that the spirit that was upon these two kings was not the spirit of Lucifer, a fallen angel, but the spirit of Adam, a fallen king.

The Anointed Cherub

1The word of the Lord came to me: 2“Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “’In the pride of your heart you say, “I am a god; I sit on the throne of a god in the heart of the seas. But you are a man and not a god, though you think you are as wise as a god. 3Are you wiser than Daniel? Is no secret hidden from you? 4By your wisdom and understanding you have gained wealth for yourself and amassed gold and silver in your treasuries. 5By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, and because of your wealth your heart has grown proud. 6“‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says:“‘Because you think you are wise, as wise as a god, 7I am going to bring foreigners against you, the most ruthless of nations; they will draw their swords against your beauty and wisdom and pierce your shining splendor. 8They will bring you down to the pit, and you will die a violent death in the heart of the seas. 9Will you then say, “I am a god,”in the presence of those who kill you? You will be but a man, not a god, in the hands of those who slay you. 10You will die the death of the uncircumcised at the hands of foreigners. I have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord.’” 11The word of the Lord came to me, 12Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say unto him, “’Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Thou SEALEST UP THE SUM, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.13Thou wast in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee; in the day that thou wast created they were prepared. 14Thou wast the anointed cherub that covereth: and I set thee,’so that thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 15Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till unrighteousness was found in thee” (Ezekiel; 28:1-15).

Now, I want to provide an exegesis for this text and reconcile it with Genesis 1-3 to show that Adam was a prototype of an anointed king that once guarded the glory of Heaven. Ezekiel 28th chapter contains a prophecy and a lamentation. The prophecy is against the Prince of Tyre (verses 1-11) and the lamentation is taken up against the King of Tyre (verses 12-18). The author is illustrating the parallels between the present leader of Tyre with the first king of the earth, Adam. One is a man while the other is a type of man. This is not a new interpretation. Matthew Henry shares his insight on the subject:

This is commonly understood of the prince who then reigned over Tyre, spoken to, v. 2. His name was Ethbaal, or Ithobalus, as Diodorus. Siculus calls him that was king of Tyre when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed it. He was, it seems, upon all external accounts an accomplished man, very great and famous; but his iniquity was his ruin. Many expositors have suggested that besides the literal sense of this lamentation there is an allegory in it, and that it is an allusion to the fall of the angels that sinned, who undid themselves by their pride. And (as is usual in texts that have a mystical meaning) some passages here refer primarily to the king of Tyre, as that of his merchandises, others to the angels, as that of being in the holy mountain of God. But, if there be any thing mystical in it (as perhaps there may), I shall rather refer it to the FALL OF ADAM, which seems to be glanced at, v. 13. Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God, and that in the day thou wast created.”

Tyre was a city that was known for its commerce. Most historians and theologians are in agreement about the identity of the Prince of Tyre, a man named Ethbaal, or Ithobalus, the father of Jezebel. Ethbaal was a wealthy sea merchant that amassed treasuries by his skillful trade. His kingdom, like many other kingdoms, is said to have been situated on a mountain. It is possible that it was the same mountain the Greeks worshiped Olympus on. This gave the king a “larger than life” mystique and certainly added to his delusional state. During his reign, Ethbaal expanded the power of Tyre on the mainland making all of Phoenicia its territory as far north as Beirut, including Sidon.

The one thing that you must keep in mind when interpreting this chapter is the fact that the language bounces back and forth between the Prince (governor) of Tyre, and the anointed cherub or the King of Tyre. From a historical perspective, these verses(1-10) are obviously describing a real man, but there are other characteristics in this chapter that couldn’t have possibly applied to the Prince of Tyre. We will look at some of these characteristics and reconcile them with the Genesis text. We will do this to see if there is any evidence for parallels between this fallen King of Tyre and Adam the fallen king of Eden.

Now there are several simple hermeneutical tools that we must employ if we are to understand the immediate context and the overall meaning of these particular pieces of scripture. First, most Bible teachers want their students to know the setting, plot, era, and characters of any given text, so they seek to find out the who, what, when, where, and why of the scripture. The other hermeneutical tool is sentence diagramming or mechanical diagrams. This technique helps to capture the thought flow of the author and aids in identifying relationship of ideas to one another. There are several variations of diagrams, but they all primarily serve to divide the subject, predicate, direct object, and modifiers (such as, but, until, therefore). Again, this helps capture the original meaning of the text as the author intended it, and how the original audience understood it. With all that being said, let us consider the syntax and context of these scriptures.

The Seal Of Perfection

It starts out by saying that this King was “the seal of perfection”. Others translations are as follows:

  • the model of perfection (NIV)
  • the perfect example (GWT)
  • Thou sealest up the sum (KJV)

You are the full measure and pattern of exactness[giving the finishing touch to all that constitute completeness]”(Ezekiel 28:12 Amplified)

 These descriptions point to a creature that was the total sum of what God wanted for creation. We know from the book Of Genesis that Adam was perfect in Eden. He had no inherent deficiencies in his character. He was the part of creation that God deemed very good (Genesis 1:26-31). He was at the apex of creation and was made in the very image of God. In other words, he was the crown of creation and the “model” by which the rest of the world was to be formed after. Being the model of perfection also signified the official seal that God imprinted creation with. A seal denotes authority and officialism. Adam was the official seal of the Earth. Just like a birth certificate is not official until it has a state seal, the Earth was not official until it was sealed with Adam. We are God’s official “image bearers”. We know that Jesus is the express image of God (Hebrews 1:3) and it is this image that we were made in and are being transformed into. Before the foundations of the world were laid, God had predestined us to be conformed into the image of His Son (Romans 8:29). Plainly put, we are made in the image of Jesus who is made in the image of the Godhead. Adam was put in Eden to be a model for the rest of creation. God entrusted Adam with the same power that He himself had in the heavenlies. Adam had the same creative power and freedom of choice that God has. He was literally God’s REPRESENTATION on Earth. Adam was a king that was made a king by the King of Kings.  He was the ideal representative for the Earth.

Full of Wisdom

It goes on to say that this king was “full of wisdom and perfect in beauty” (verse 12). These are two characteristics that we have in Christ as New Testament believers. Jesus is made wisdom for us (1Corinthians 1:30) and He is the sole expression of the glory or brightness and radiance. Wisdom is the power to choose the right answer in any situation. Wisdom in this context speaks more of His skill and the way that he applied his knowledge. This wisdom gave Adam the ability to consistently produce optimum results for the Earth with minimal time and energy. Adam was in a place of rest and fellowship with the Creator, and that gave him the power to make the right decision every time. It ultimately gave him the ability to discern right from wrong.  Now at this point, the only wrong that Adam could have committed was not obeying the command of the Lord. Adam was to serve God as priest by keeping the first commandment recorded in the Bible, “But you must not eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.”(Genesis 2:17).

Perfect In Beauty

Being “perfect in beauty” speaks of the anointed cherub’s appearance, more specifically, the body that he was clothed with.  The meaning of brightness or beauty in the original Greek gives the idea of a body that has rays of light emanating from it. One translation says he was handsome in appearance. The beauty of his appearance was derived from the precious stones that adorned and covered him (verse 13).  This moreover speaks of the “light body” that covered the anointed cherub. This body is sometimes called a heavenly body, spiritual body, or celestial body, but they are all the same type of body. It is a body that is primarily “spiritual” but is still in some ways tangible. It is the body that Jesus had on the Mount of Transfiguration. It is also the same body that he appeared in after the Resurrection. It is a body that is so interwoven with the Father’s presence that it can’t help but to produce the tangible glory or brightness of God.  It is the same body that Paul says we will be clothed with at the Resurrection (1Corinthians 15:42).

Ezekiel goes on to say that the anointed cherub was PERFECT in Eden until iniquity was found in him (verse 15).  Now this is where hermeneutics and diagramming come into play. We need to understand that verses 13-15 represent one complete thought, about one person, in a single location, Eden.

“You were in Eden” (verse 13).

“You were anointed as guardian cherub” (verse 14).

“You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created UNTIL iniquity was found in you” (verse 15).

The conjunction, until, helps identify the tense and place of this text (past tense, in Eden). The character in this text was perfect in Eden at one point so, this rules out the possibility of the anointed cherub being Satan. Satan WAS NEVER PERFECT IN EDEN. Satan was the Serpent in Eden that was more subtle than any beast of the field that the Lord God had created (Genesis 3:1).

Some theologians believe that the “Eden” in Ezekiel 28:12 is not the same Eden in the Genesis text. I find this hard to reconcile for several reasons. For one, there are not many references to Eden outside the Book of Genesis.  Also, by the law of first mention, we can reasonably conclude that any subsequent mention of the Garden of Eden is referring the same Garden in Genesis.

You Were in Eden (Every Precious Stone was Thy Covering)

We know that the Garden of Eden was covered with many precious stones (Genesis 2:11-12). The land of Havilah had high quality gold, pearls, and onyx stones. We know the New Jerusalem walls are covered with precious stones as well (Revelation 21:18-20). This lends further proof to the fact that the Eden in Genesis is the same as the Eden mentioned in Ezekiel 28:12. Note the correlation between precious stones in Eden and the building materials of the later tabernacle and temple (Genesis 2:12 with 1 Kings 6:20–22, Exodus 25:7, 11–39; 28:6–27; 1 Chronicles 29:2).

You Were the Anointed (Guardian) Cherub That Covers

The word cherub means “blessing”, and this was the capacity in which the anointed cherub was to function.  The whole earth was originally supposed to be blessed through Adam (Genesis 1:28).  Adam also functioned in the Garden as a guardian or protector. This is evident by the language that is used in Genesis 2:15, “Then the Lord took the man and placed him in the Garden to CULTIVATE and KEEP it.” These words in the Hebrew are abad (work or cultivate) and shamar (to keep or protect). These Hebrew words when combined together in other places in scripture typically denote worship and service in the temple. So by serving in this dual capacity, Adam was to protect the glory of Eden ,while at the same time extending its borders. The rest of the world outside of Eden was chaotic. It was Adam’s job to subdue the Earth and make it habitable by filling it with the Lord’s glory. The authority that Adam functioned in as king over the Earth should not be underestimated. The very fact that Adam was allowed to name the creations  illustrates the dominion that he had (Genesis 2:19-20). God named Adam, and Adam turned around and named the rest of creation including the animals and even his wife. The reason why Adam is the anointed cherub is because he is the highest form of creation and the rest of creation is subject to him. For more understanding of this concept see my article, Who are Cherubim? Part 2.

You Were on the Holy Mountain of God

The Holy Mountain of God is a place of God’s presence. In fact you could say that the Garden of Eden was the first temple or tabernacle of God’s presence. The fact that Eden was the first “temple” can be gleaned by several scriptural observations  Eden, as the place where God walked back and forth with man, is paralleled with later references to the Tabernacle (Genesis 3:8 with Leviticus 26:12, Deuteronomy 23:14; 2 Sam. 7:6–7).  In Ezekiel 28:13–18, the prophet draws a number of parallels between Eden and Israel’s tabernacle/temple. Specifically, the prophet references Eden as a sanctuary and pictures Adam dressed as a priest (verse 13). Ezekiel 28:18 is probably the most explicit place anywhere in canonical literature where the Garden of Eden is called a temple. Evidence from the non-canonical Jewish literature further proves that Judaism in various ways also understood the Garden to be the first sanctuary. G.K. Beale reveals several parallels between the Edenic temple and other temple/sanctuaries in his book “The Temple and the Church’s Mission

The garden is the place of the first priest. Adam was placed in the garden to “cultivate and keep it” (Gen. 2:15). The word, “cultivation” has obvious agricultural meaning, but this pair of terms (cultivate/keep also translated serve/guard) is used elsewhere in the Old Testament to describe the work of the priest (Numbers 3:7–8; 8:25–26; 18:5–6; 1 Chronicles 23:32; Ezekiel 44:14).

Adam’s task in Genesis 2:15 included more than a farm work in the dirt of the garden. It is apparent that priestly obligations in Israel’s temple included the duty of “guarding” to prevent unclean things from entering (Numbers 3:6–7, 32, 38; 18:1–7). This appears to be relevant for Adam, especially in view of the unclean creature lurking on the perimeter of the garden and who then enters. After sin was introduced into the garden, Adam and Eve were barred from the Tree of Life by cherubim. This also alludes to the fact that Adam’s work included more than gardening;he was to protect the garden from evil and uncleanness (Genesis 3:24 with Exodus 25:18–22; 1 Kings 6:29-35, 8:6–7; Ezekiel 28:14–16, 41:18).

  • The Tree of Life provides the model for the lamp stand placed directly outside the holy of holies (Exodus 25:31–36).
  • Temple references in the Old Testament possess botanical, garden-like features (1 Kings 6:18, 29, 32; 7:20–26, 42, 47; Zechariah 1:8–11; Psalm. 74:3–7; 52:8; 92:13–15; Lamentations 2:6; Isaiah 60:13, 21).
  • Like Eden, the eschatological temples feature a source of water (Genesis 2:10 with Ezekiel 47:1–12; Revelation 21:1–2).
  • Eden was situated upon a mountain (Ezekiel 28:14, 16) just like Mount Zion (Exodus 15:17) and the eschatological temple (Ezekiel 40:2; 43:12; Revelation 21:10). Many other dwelling places of God are built on a mountain: Mount Moriah, Mount Gibeon, Mount Arart, Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration.
  • The ark in the holy of holies, which contained the Law, (that led to wisdom) echoes the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (that also led to wisdom). Touching the ark and partaking of the tree’s fruit both resulted in death.
  • Like the tabernacle and temples, Eden was entered from the east (Genesis 3:24 with Ezekiel. 40:6).

Genesis 2:10 reveals that “a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden”. This reference formally distinguishes Eden from the garden. From this you can build the case that Eden and its adjoining garden formed two distinct regions.  You see here tripartite degrees of holiness, similar to the temple complex, comprised of (1) the region outside the garden, or the outer court, (2) the garden representing a sacred place (the holy place), and (3) Eden, where God dwells (the holy of holies).

So I Drove You From the Mountain of God O Covering Cherub

Adam was ultimately rejected by God for not keeping His command. The fall of Adam represents God’s rejection of him as king and priest. Being driven out of Eden, and being cast down from the Mountain of God are two ways of expressing the same act; Adam being expelled from Paradise.  He also lost dominion over the Earth and his power to rule.  Even worse, he lost his light body, the body that once was his covering. This is the body that Adam possessed before the fall, and it allowed him to have direct communion with God. When Adam and Eve are found “naked” in the garden, this doesn’t mean they were literally nude.  It means they no longer possessed their heavenly bodies.  Paul must have had this in mind when he said, “When we are CLOTHED, we will not be found NAKED (1 Corinthians 5:3). He goes on to say, “For while we are in this tent, we groan and are burdened, because we do not wish to be unclothed but to be clothed with our HEAVENLY DWELLING, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life” (2 Corinthians 5:4). So you can see, after being driven from the garden they could no longer hear the voice of God walking in the cool(SPIRIT) of the day. Remember, the only thing they had ever known was the perfect rest of God and now all they would know is sweat and toil.

O Morning Star, Son of the Dawn

Isaiah is usually the other text that the “Satan/Lucifer” doctrine is established on.

12How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! 13You said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. 14I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” 15But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit. 16Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: “Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, 17the man who made the world a desert, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home?”(Isaiah 14:12-17)

We have already considered why Adam is better fit for the anointed cherub than Satan. Now we will see why Satan CAN NOT be Lucifer, the Morning Star.

First of all, Lucifer is a title, and not a name. Lucifer is taken from the Latin word lucem ferre, the name given to the dawn appearance of the planet Venus,which means one who is clothed with or bears light. For this meaning, English generally uses the names “Morning Star” or “Day Star”, and rarely Lucifer. Most modern English versions (including the NIV, NRSV, NASB, NJB and ESV) render the Hebrew word as “day star”, “morning star” or something similar, and never as Lucifer. In English, Lucifer is very rarely used in the sense of the original meaning in Hebrew (Morning Star), even though in Latin, “Lucifer” was a literal translation. So whether it is Day Star, Morning Star, or Lucifer, it all speaks of the same person, Jesus, the bright and morning star (Revelation 22:10). The Greek word, phosphurus, is used here and has the same meaning as its Latin counterpart, lucifer. This Greek word is used in one other place in the New Testament;

“And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the MORNING STAR rises in your hearts.” (2 Peter 1:19).

  So, if Satan is Lucifer, the Day Star, then why would Peter encourage us to let him rise up in our hearts?

The confusion over this word seems to have originated in the 4th century church. The church fathers of this era were the first to apply the title Lucifer to Satan. For reasons that are not altogether clear, these men began identifying the fall of Satan in Luke 10:18 with the fall of Lucifer in Isaiah 14:12 and the fall of the anointed cherub in Ezekiel 28:16. This assumption came via the Latin Vulgate. The Latin Vulgate text of the Bible is a translation completed by Jerome in the early 5th century.  Jerome’s work was not a complete re-translation, and there has been much confusion surrounding the Latin word Lucifer since he added it to the Latin Vulgate in 382 A.D. Some have rejected this usage of the word Lucifer (Day Star), and ironically, find themselves in opposition to the Jewish understanding of the word, heylel.  From their point of view, Lucifer only has meaning in the narrowest sense of the word.

Heyel could be translated in a number of ways in English:165- praise, 117- glory, 14- boast, 10-mad, 8- shine, 3- foolish, 3- fools, 2- commended, 2- rage, 2- celebrate, 1- give, 1- marriage, and 1- renowned.  Proponents of the above view suggest that the meaning of Lucifer in the context of Isaiah 14:12 means, one who is boastful, mad, or foolish.  In other words, Satan was proud and boastful, and this is why he is Lucifer.  Those who hold this view error by taking this word out of its semantical range and applying all of the negative, meanings  This argument ignores the actual context of the verse itself. The morning star, when it is visible, always precedes the dawn. There is an apparent connection between the morning star and the morning.  The phrase “son of the morning,” or “son of dawn” that follows the word, heylel, would make no sense if the meaning of heylel is boastful, mad, foolish, or raging.  It only makes sense if the meaning of heylel is morning star.  Other reputable commentaries have followed suit and have reaffirmed this position.

  • Amplified Bible: “The Hebrew for this expression “light bearer” or “shining one” is translated “Lucifer” in the Latin Vulgate, and is thus translated in the King James Version. But because of the association of that name with Satan, it is now used in this and other translations. Some students feel that the name Lucifer to Satan, in spite of the long and confident teaching to that effect, is erroneous.”
  • Nelson Study Bible: “Tertullian, Milton, and others have linked this passage to the career of Satan on the basis of Luke 10:18, but the text does not specifically make this connection.

So, as you can see from church history, (a neglected study amongst Bible scholars) where this teaching originated, however, Satan was never Lucifer.

The Fall from Heaven

The fall from Heaven in Isaiah 14 has nothing to do with the fall of Satan in Luke 10:18 . The fall from Heaven speaks of the day that Adam fell from a heavenly position of authority to an earthly position of shame. The soul of Adam then emerged and became the new leader inside the inner citadel of man. This is the current state of man.  Through Adam, man can never arrive back at to his position of authority. It is only through Jesus (The Last Adam) that we can have authority over the Earth again.

Who is Satan?

At this point you may be wondering if Satan is not Lucifer, then who is he?  You must keep in mind that Satan is the same diabolical creature that he has always been. We know this from the words of Jesus in John 8.

“You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a MURDER FROM THE BEGINNING, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.”(John 8:44)

It’s hard to make “from the beginning” mean anything other than from the beginning of time. Some theologians such as Wayne Grudem suggest, “From the beginning means from the beginning of Eden and not from the beginning of  time.” This is plausible, but highly unlikely for several reasons. First, making “from the beginning” mean something other than what the language clearly says, is illogical.  In other words, if something has existed in a certain condition “from the beginning”, that means from the time it was formed or established, it was in that condition. Surely we can reason together and follow this line of logic. Furthermore, it is apparent from how the word “beginning” is used in other places in the same book that it speaks of the same meaning. For example, “In the BEGINNING was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1). So if we believe Satan was perfect in the beginning, then we are ignoring the clear words of Jesus. John also reaffirms this position in 1st John.

He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been SINNING FROM THE BEGINNING. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work. (1 John 3:8)

  How much plainer can the Bible be about original state of Satan.

 Now Satan is many things :

  • Tempter
  • Seducer
  • Accuser
  • Murderer
  • Liar
  • Deceiver
  • Adversary
  • Serpent
  • Dragon
  • Ruler of the Air

But he is not now or ever been Lucifer or the anointed cherubim.

Ironically, Satan could be considered a cherubim since cherubim are living creatures. In our last article, we saw that the four living creatures were cherubim. Ezekiel and the four faces of the cherub represented various parts of God’s entire creation. (see Who are the Cherubim? Part 1) We also know that the form that Satan took on in the garden was a serpent. Now, we can not overlook the apparent language.  The Bible calls Satan a serpent, so from the beginning, Adam was always superior to Satan by virtue of him being a higher form of creation. This is what separates an anointed cherubim from a regular cherubim. I am aware of the fact that some believers subscribe to a doctrine that places Satan in a prior Earth Age. I believe this interpretation may have some merit, however, it is a subject to be considered in another article. I also am conscious of the fact that Satan can no longer be a serpent since the New Testament tells us that Satan entered Judas. There is a simple logical and Biblical explanation for this. His flesh was destroyed in the flood with the rest of the Nephelum. (For further explanation, read my teaching on Sons of God). He now convinces people that he was once the anointed cherub when in all actuality he never rose above the form of an animal in the natural world. In my opinion, this is the reason why the theory of evolution is so prevalent in our society. Satan wants man to think that the animal kingdom is at the apex of creation.

Conclusion

I know that this is hard for many of you to receive because tradition has robbed us of the true identity of the “man of  sin.”  The man of sin is not Satan, but Adam. 

“Wherefore, as BY ONE MAN sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned(Romans 5:12)

Adam was the one who said in his heart that he was God (Ezekiel 28:1).  Adam was so interwoven with the Father’s glory that he mistook for it for his own glory. It was Adam who walked amongst the fiery stones in Eden. He was the one that enjoyed God’s perfect presence on the holy mountain of God until iniquity was found in him.  You could say that the spirit of Adam is the corrupt wisdom of Lucifer. It is a spirit the asserts FREE WILL OVER GOD’S WILL. It is a spirit that empowers people to sit on the throne of their own lives. It is a spirit that has been on every corrupt king since the beginning of time. It is a spirit that works hand in hand with domination and self glory. For example it was a common practice in the ancient east for kings to represent themselves as gods to large masses of people. In a sense they became a “covering” for their people and they ruled with absolute power. All the needs of the people were met through the king. These kings, however, did not have the moral compass and wisdom of Adam, the Anointed King of Eden. Adam, after the fall, is the man who still tries to sit on the throne of our lives today. He is our real enemy. It would behoove us to spend more time crucifying the old man and less time binding Satan. Satan is a master deceiver, there is no doubt about that. He has deceived the body of Christ into thinking that he was once the guardian cherub that covers.  When we begin to see our identity through the eyes of the cherubim, we will come to the realization that Jesus’ death was our death. We are the ones that are one with the mercy seat. (For more info. read, Who are the Cherubims? Part 1). We are the ones that are seated with Christ in Heavenly places and our eyes are forever on the mercy seat with Jesus’ blood applied to it. We are a new race of being, the God-Man Race. We are the precious stones that cover our High Priest. We are guardians, and protectors to the way of the Tree of Life for so many people who are still separated from the Tree of Life which is Jesus

The Eden mandate is still in effect today by way of the first great commission that was issued in the garden.

“And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth”..(Genesis 1:28)

 Who has God put in your life to be a guardian over?  Are you a covering and a place of rest for other people? Where are the Edens in your life?  Do you purify and cultivate these sanctuaries? Men, are you covering your house with prayer? Sisters, are you covering your man with intercession? Are we covering our neighborhoods with the glory of God? Remember, we are still charged to be a covering for the earth. God presented Adam to the rest of creation to be an example and it is our job to follow it.

PEACE, J.J.

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Who are the Cherubims? Part 2

January 19, 2011

In our last article, we began to explore the idea of mature sonship, and how this theme relates to the cherubim creatures first mentioned in Genesis 3:24.  I want to spend some time today elaborating on what these particular creatures were “keeping” in the Garden of Eden. We determined that these creatures were put in Eden to protect the way to the Tree of Life and not so much to keep man away. God’s  judgement alone was enough to keep Adam away from the Tree of Life.  We know that the Tree of Life is accessible again to the overcomer in Christ (Revelation 2:7).  So in essence, we can ascertain that these cherubim were to keep the way to the Tree of Life until one who was worthy to pass by the flaming swords arrived.  This one is Jesus Christ, the New Testament “atonement cover” or “mercy seat”. We have provided several scriptures that reasonably conclude that Jesus is the fulfillment of the old testament mercy seat(Romans 3:25,Hebrews 9:5).  The book of Hebrews goes through much trouble to illustrate this.  Lastly, we looked at Exodus 25:17-22 and determined that the cherubim were in the mercy seat, of the mercy seat, of one piece with the mercy seat, and that these cherubims look toward atonement cover. The atonement cover was the place where the high priest sprinkled blood on the Day of Atonement(Leviticus 16:14). These creatures are constantly looking at the sacrifice on the mercy seat. This is a picture of every believer looking towards the blood of Jesus. His death becomes our death. We become one with the death and the blood of  Jesus, We have a right to follow Jesus past the sword of judgement. So its scriptural to conclude that believers are of Christ as cherubims are of the mercy seat.

                                   CHERUBIMS ARE IN THE VEIL

Let’s look at some other pieces of scripture to help broaden our understanding of these cherubim creatures. Exodus 26 describes the veil(curtain) in the Tabernacle that separated the Holy Place from the Holiest of Holies as being embroidered with cherubims, “Make the Tabernacle from ten curtains of finely woven linen. Decorate the curtains with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and with skillfully embroidered cherubim”(Exodus 26:1).It’s imperative that we observe the symbolism illustrated here. The veil represents a barrier between God and man. This barrier was first established in the garden with the postings of cherubs with the flaming swords(Genesis 3:24). So passing the veil is the same as passing the cherubims with the flaming swords. The High Priest was the only person that was allowed to pass the veil once a year (Hebrews 9:7). So in essence, man was allowed back into Eden once a year. This was only a temporary solution until one (Jesus) who would  come that was worthy to pass by the veil (cherubims) permanently(Matthew 27:51). When Jesus entered into Heaven with his own blood he was really re-entering Eden. Here’s a logical biblical deduction: HEAVEN NEVER WENT ANYWHERE. Heaven in the book of Revelation 21:1 is in the same place it was in Genesis. The location of Heaven has never changed. Our ability to discern Heaven around us and in us only changed after the fall of man. There is coming a time when we will be able to perceive Heaven in its totality. Not only will man be fully redeemed but all of creation will be restored to its original glory(Romans 8:22).

                            CHERUBIMS ARE THE FOUR LIVING CREATURES

Now we come to a point where we can really begin to see how cherubims differ from angels. The best description we have of these creatures come to us from the book of Ezekiel. The book begins with a vision given to Ezekiel at the river, Chebar. In the vision he sees four living beings,”And from the midst of it came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had a human likeness” (Ezekiel 1:5). He goes on to describes these “creatures”:

6but each of them had four faces and four wings. 7Their legs were straight; their feet were like those of a calf and gleamed like burnished bronze. 8Under their wings on their four sides they had the hands of a man. All four of them had faces and wings, 9and their wings touched one another. Each one went straight ahead; they did not turn as they moved. 10Their faces looked like this: Each of the four had the face of a man, and on the right side each had the face of a lion, and on the left the face of an ox; each also had the face of an eagle. 11Such were their faces. Their wings were spread out upward; each had two wings, one touching the wing of another creature on either side, and two wings covering its body. (Ezekiel 1:6-11)

The next several verses depict their activities.

12Each one went straight ahead. Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, without turning as they went. 13The appearance of the living creatures was like burning coals of fire or like torches. Fire moved back and forth among the creatures; it was bright, and lightning flashed out of it. 14The creatures sped back and forth like flashes of lightning. 15As I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the ground beside each creature with its four faces. 16This was the appearance and structure of the wheels: They sparkled like chrysolite, and all four looked alike. Each appeared to be made like a wheel intersecting a wheel. 17As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced; the wheels did not turn aboutd as the creatures went. 18Their rims were high and awesome, and all four rims were full of eyes all around.19When the living creatures moved, the wheels beside them moved; and when the living creatures rose from the ground, the wheels also rose. 20Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, and the wheels would rise along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. 21When the creatures moved, they also moved; when the creatures stood still, they also stood still; and when the creatures rose from the ground, the wheels rose along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels (Ezekiel 1:12-21).Ezekiel identifies these four living creatures in Ezekiel 10:15″ And the cherubim mounted up. These were the living creatures that I saw by the Chebar canal.” Now, there many different shades of symbolism and meaning in this text but there are several points I want to make that I feel are pertinent to this study.The first is that each creature had four faces. These four faces represent the four classes of creation. This link can be verified in two places in the book of Genesis. “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth(Genesis 1:26).”

 You also see this again after the flood.

8Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: 9“I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you 10and with every living creature that was with you—the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you—every living creature on earth. 11I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth. 12And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come”.(Genesis 9:8-12)

So the Cherubims are also a picture of restored humanity. In the beginning Adam was the anointed chief over all of creation and this is our future, hope, and glory in Christ Jesus.

In the next article, we will look at some other characteristics of cherubims and how they relate to God’s glory. We will also, Lord willing, begin to look at a non traditional view of the anointed cherub.

Peace, JJ