Superior Theory Pitch

November 25, 2013

Superior Theory is a story that I have fancied as a “Modern, Southern, Interracial love drama that is essentially race centered and driven . The narrative encompasses “racial superiority” as a theme and is primarily fleshed out by a group of diverse community college students who become acquainted in a Minority Ethics class. The plot centers  around these  students who  are  at different points in their lives, but are all in the process of self discovery. In this  class, a revolutionary and unorthodox teacher with a checkered radical past challenges his students to reconsider their present notions of race and history. Two of the students, Hannah and Ali, form a friendship in the midst of the class that soon turns to romance.  On the  surface the pair  doesn’t  seem to have much in common; he’s black, she’s white, he had a privileged upbringing, she had to struggle, she’s younger, he slowly approaching 30’s. However, their primal need for love and acceptance unites them. Soon they both  experience internal and external conflict. They both have to try to cope  with how they were raised by their overbearing and abusive fathers. There are secrets about their past that threaten the relationship and their fellow piers add to the layered conflict. If that wasn’t enough there’s the prospect of race war looming in the background. They must decide if it’s possible or logical to pursue love in the “New South”.

Superior Theory is story that attempts to illustrate where we have been, where we’re at, and where we may go as a country. It also examines  the mystique behind interracial dating and explores the subtle nuances of modern racism. It also scratches the surface of untold American History.

The Making of Superior Theory  is a documentary that will chronicle the journey from pitching the script, gathering investors, and the local response to the movie idea. It will also take you inside the filmmaker’s journey as it relates to the project; past and present.


Pt. 2 The Biblical Difference Between Reconciliation and Salvation

May 4, 2012

I praise God for the ministry of reconciliation which is afforded to humanity by the eternal blood of the covenant. Father God is just now beginning to reveal to us that reconciliation is something that God initiates with man and man ultimately becomes a recipient of. I can say with all honesty that for the greater part of my Christian life I have misunderstood reconciliation as it relates to what people would understand to be Biblical salvation. It was stated in the last article that according to Paul, reconciliation was something that happened to mankind even while we were dead in our sins.

But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! For if, when we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life. (Romans 5: 8-10)

The are three key biblical terms that we need to focus on to understand this piece of scripture, Justified, saved, and reconciliation. All of these words are significant but we must understand how each one relates to another in this context. First of all we must understand that justification and reconciliation occurs before being saved, Paul is clear on this point “HOW MUCH MORE BEING RECONCILED SHALL WE BE SAVED THROUGH HIS LIFE” Reconciliation preceedes being saved and it happens while we are in a state of death in our sins and while we were enemies towards God. To be an enemy towards God is more than being God’s opponents, it really means to hate God and to have seperation from him. So, in essence, in God’s mercy he demonstrated his love towards us even when we hated the things of God, even we were ignorant to the the things of God. How awesome this love is. This is reconciliation, family and it absolutely, 100 percent has nothing to do with you or what you believe.What we have done is told people that they have to believe to be reconciled when in all actuality we were all reconciled two thousand years ago. We tell peolple this is what it means to be saved and Paul says that there is a difference. We will look at salvation (being saved) more in depth in a minute, but for now I must impress upon you that reconciliation is something that has already occured and being saved is something that we are working out. Both of these priciples are very important to grasp but again we must understand how they relate to one another and to Paul’s overall theology. The word reconciled is used 6 times in the New Testament, 5 of which have to do with God’s reconciliation and one reference to a man and woman being reconciled to each other (1 Cor 7:11). Out of the five remaining references 4 of them put reconcilaition in the past and as something that God does and not man (1 Cor 5:18,19, Romans 5:10) The remaining reference (verse 20) is plea for mankind to come into the knowledge of this reconcilaition. In all actuality, reconcilaition simply means to go from of a state of being enemies to a state of being friends. This is a Biblical concept that is illustrated all throughout the Bible. The first act of reconciliation that we see in the Bible is God reconciling Adam and Eve after the fall. We read that ” And the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them” (Genesis 3:21). We see God covering their shame with the sacrifice of an animal. The animal was innocent and the clothing was provided by God. Adam and Eve didn’t have to confess anything before God provided the sacrifice. As a matter of fact, all they could offer up was excuses. God slaughtered an animal to cover thier shame to bring them back into right relationship with Him. You see, God never ran from man, man ran from God and perceived himself to be separated from God becuase of his shame. Wow, that could preach!  Now, what I’m trying to get you to realize is that God provided the reconciliation and not man. We still think that our confession brings us into reconciliation but it doesn’t.

Another example that is easy to discern in relation to reconcilaition is the high priest’s sacrifice on the day of atonement. This was the one day in the year where all the sins of the community were dealt with. The high priest, of course, was the only man that could go directly into the presence of God and offer up sacrifices. It’s important to realize that the high priest represented the entire camp of Israel. So, in essence, what was true of the high priest on the day of atonement was true of the whole community when he offered up the sacrifice. In other words, the community didn’t have to do the work of sacrificing, this was placed in the hands of the high priest. This is all recorded in Leviticus 16 and it demonstrates that the blood covered the entire community by the act of one man. Man I feel like preaching!! There are several deeper implications that could be explored at this point that relate to Jesus being our new covenant high piest but I must stay on task. Anyhow, just in case I haven’t pictured reconciliation suffuciently enough through scripture, then maybe this last example will grip you. We read in Zechariah 3 that Joshua the high priest was covered with filthy garments and that he stood accused by Satan (The adversary) ”

Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him. The Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! The Lord, who has chosen Jerusalem, rebuke you! Is not this man a burning stick snatched from the fire?” Now Joshua was dressed in filthy clothes as he stood before the angel. The angel said to those who were standing before him, “Take off his filthy clothes.” Then he said to Joshua, “See, I have taken away your sin, and I will put rich garments on you.”

As you can see God takes away the filthy garments and clothes Joshua with rich garments. It also says that he took away his sin in the process. Once again I want you to observe that God did all this with no prompting on Joshua’s behalf. What I am saying is that Joshua didn’t have to believe anything before God clothed him with theses garments, it was just given to him. He didn’t have to work for it, he didn’t have to confess any scripture, it was just given to him by God because God is merciful. After Joshua is clothed with these garments he is then given instruction to carry out God’s plan.

This finally brings this discussion to question of salvation. From the beginning I have empahtically stated that salvation is a process that begins once one realizes that they have been reconciled by the cross. Since we now know that Biblical reconciliation is an act that took place while we were still powerless to help ourselves, we will now look at what it means to be saved or to have salvation.

I think a working understanding of what the word salvation means in the Greek is important for us to discern before proceeding further. Marvin Vincent and Strong’s Word Study defines it this way:

4982 sṓzō (from sōs, “safe, rescued”) – properly, deliver out of danger and into safety; used principally of God rescuing believers from the penalty and power of sin – and into His provisions (safety).

This word is used in a number of different ways in the New Testament and it’s my belief that saved or salvation is better rendered “delivered” or deliverance” for modern English speaking people. There are a few translations that reflect this and it’s an important distinction . In the New Testament, salvation is described in three phases, by this I mean the Bible says that we were saved (Romans 5:10) are being saved (Acts 2:47) and will be saved (1 Corinthians 3:15). This is why salvation is better understood as deliverance, by that I mean that deliverance is a process that we are walking out of. If you have ever prayed a prayer of deliverance over someone after they have been “saved” then you know what I mean. I say all this to make the Biblical observation that in most places where the Greek word sozo is is used it is speaking of having faith in the reconciliation to have power over sin’s dominion continually. It was determined in our last article that verses like Romans 10:9 is speaking of this type of salvation, the kind  that is worked out after reconciliation. In other words, it should’t be used as a proof text to establish reconcilaition with God, however, it’s a powerful verse to understand the Word of Faith that is near our heart, the faith that is professed every time we use his name to invoke victory over every situation. You see, this is easy to understand. Father reconciled us through the blood and he gives us “deliverance power” every day to secure our reconciliation. This is true salvation. If salvation were just a one time confession that we made at one time in our Christian walk then our salvation wouldn’t be complete. You see we are inherting salvation(Hebrews 1:18) and it will not be totally worked out until a time in the future, this is why the scripture says that he that calls on the name of the Lord will be delivered. In the end, reconciliation was an issue that was settled in the past and salvation is something that we are working out in phases. Until the next time, Peace God’s awareness!! JJ

The Biblical Difference Between Reconciliation and Salvation

April 24, 2012

There seems to be much confusion in the Church today concerning the Biblical and Theological differences between reconciliation and salvation. Most sincere Christians assume that these two terms are synonymous but the Bible is very clear that there is a difference.

“For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life.

Paul seems to indicate that reconciliation proceeds “getting saved.” It’s been my experience most of my Christian life that many believers assume “getting saved” is the same as being reconciled to God. In other words, these believers would assert that a man is still in his sins until he confesses “Jesus as Lord” . Romans 10:9 -13 when taken alone  would seem to indicate that this is the case.

“That if you confess with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved”.

For it is by believing in your heart that you are made right with God, and it is by confessing with your mouth that you are saved. As the Scripture says, “Anyone who trusts in him will never be put to shame.”For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile—the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, for, “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

However, within the larger context of the book of Romans and Paul’s other writings, it becomes clear to me the “salvation” that he was speaking of in Romans 10. We have to keep in the mind that the entire book of Romans deals primarily with righteousness that comes by faith and not by the law. I don’t believe that the salvation spoken of in Romans 10 is the “saving salvation” that most Christians  believe in. In other words, this not a scripture that establishes right standing with God. Romans 10:9 salvation  speaks of a salvation that continually allows us to have power over sin’s dominion daily. It is a righteous that is maintained by FAITH in the death, burial, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.

“But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) or ‘Who will descend into the deep?’(that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).(Romans 10:6-7)

You see Paul was writing to the saints(Romans 1:7) at Rome who would’ve had a prior understanding about the Messiah being King. Although many Jews at this time didn’t want to acknowledge Jesus as God on earth, there were some who did believe in his divinity but yet wanted to keep the law of Moses. Paul mentions at the beginning of Romans 10 that Israel had a certain enthusiasm for God, however, their zeal was futile because they could not discern God’s righteousness that came by faith. This is what I believe he means when he says that his heart’s desire was for Israel to be saved(Romans 10:1). He wanted these believers to realize that faith in the blood atonement was the only means for a man to grow in righteousness.

In essence, belief is not required to be to reconciled to God. This may seem like a heretical statement at first, but keep in mind that all men were made sinners before the cross regardless of whether we believe it or not. It doesn’t take faith to be reconciled to God because God is the one who provides the reconciliation. If mankind were able to establish reconciliation by belief, then Jesus came to earth and died for nothing. Again, we had no control over the power of reconciliation just as we had zero control over being born a sinner (before the cross)! This is not just upheld by the book of Romans, Paul states in the book of Ephesians that we were declared the righteous in God while we were still sinners.

“Even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved.” (Ephesians 2:5)

The Amplified states it this way “even when we were dead(slain) by [our own) shortcomings and trespasses. He made us alive together in fellowship and in union with Christ:  [He gave us the very life of Christ Himself, the same new life with which he quickened Him,for] it is by grace (his favor and mercy which you did not deserve) that you are saved (delivered from judgement and made partakers of Christ’s salvation.)

As you can see, we (all of mankind) were delivered from sin while we were dead to the knowledge of Christ (hallelujah). This was established by what Christ did and not in and of anything that we could muster up in our own strength. This coincides with Romans 5:10.

“For if, when we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life!”

Paul seems to indicate that getting saved is something that is a continual process that happens after we are reconciled. In most places that the word “saved” is used in the book Romans, it gives the idea of something that is ongoing. He also speaks of salvation in the continual sense in 1 Corinthians

” For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.”

In other words we were saved, are being saved, and will be saved in Christ Jesus. I like how this is brought out in the amplified version of Romans 5:10 it says that “it is much more certain, now that we are reconciled, that we shall be saved(daily delivered from sin’s dominion, through His [resurrection] life.”

This is the salvation that Paul is speaking of  in Romans 10:9. As vital as this verse is to spiritual maturity, it shouldn’t be used as a provision to secure eternal reconciliation. As stated earlier this was made available for all of humanity two thousand years ago.

I would be remiss if I didn’t end this article with a solemn insight. Our message to humanity needs to be that they were made the righteous of God in Christ Jesus while they still dead to the things of God. Our message to the Assembly needs to be our hearts desire for you is to be saved. We need to realize that the word  of faith is near us . Every time we profess the word (Jesus) in faith we are fulfilling Romans 10:9. By doing this, we render the dominion of darkness futile. In other words, it is our faith in the reconciliation that maintains our salvation. We have to acknowledge this every time our hearts attempt to convict us. We must learn to rest in the “finished work of Jesus” and remember that his death was our death. All our sins have been forgiven past,present, and future. We have been acquitted and delivered from judgement by a historical act that took place over 2000 years ago. Now we must work out our salvation with fear and trembling. In the next article we will deal with how to maintain your salvation (daily delivered from sin’s dominion).

Serpent Seed Part 1

April 19, 2012

“And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.”(Genesis 3:15)

This verse in my opinion is one of the most crucial passages in the Old Testament for understanding the entire biblical text. It has been my experience, while studying theology over the last 4 years, that many pastors and teachers tend to bypass this piece of the bible or at best, a brief summation is made without engaging the deeper implications of the text. This writing is a continuation of a teaching that the Lord began revealing to me about two years ago. Some of you may know that the Holy Spirit began teaching me about the true identity of the anointed cherub in Ezekiel 28 and Lucifer the bright and Morning Star in Isaiah 14. These passages are generally used to uphold what I would call the false satan/lucifer doctrine. This is the teaching that ignorantly asserts that Satan was once heaven’s most coveted creature and because of his rebellion against the Almighty Creator he has now been cast down to the earth. I examined this teaching in great detail and could not find it taught in the church before the 4th century. At the end of the study, it was concluded that Adam was the high priest of Eden that Ezekiel 28:11 mentions.  I also dealt with both texts exegetically and proved beyond a reasonable doubt there is no way that the Anointed cherub/ Lucifer could be a satanic creature. I challenge you to read that study before reading this one being that so much of the present work is built upon the previous article.

The number one question I received after my teaching on Adam being the anointed cherub/Lucifer  is if  Lucifer is Adam and not satan then who is satan? I have meditated at great length about this question before responding on paper. It seems impossible to deal with this question without first analyzing the nature of the serpent in the Genesis narrative. Although the serpent is never called the devil in this text, the book of Revelation informs us that the devil is the ancient snake”The great dragon was hurled down–that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.”(Revelation 12:9) This verse has led many to believe that “the satan” possessed the snake in the garden of Eden and caused him to deceive the first couple of the earth. This may seem plausible at first until you examine the Genesis text which states that the serpent was amongst the animals that the Lord God had created (Genesis 3:1). In addition to this, we are told that the serpent has an offspring whose head would be crushed by the offspring of the woman. As Bible students we must ask ourselves why the Holy spirit inspired the author of the Genesis narrative to use the serpent in the story. We must also look at subsequent uses of the word “serpent” in the Old Testament to determine if they can be used to enrich our understanding of the usage of the word serpent in Genesis 3.

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance renders the word serpent as “nashaw” which means to whisper or enchant. The verb form of this word in Hebrew is the word used for divination. (Genesis 30:27)

Who’s authority is the serpent under?

Many Christians have a hard time believing that an all loving God would create a being that would embody what most of us would consider to be evil. How can this be, and how does this correlate with God’s ultimate sovereignty? There are other questions that need to be entertained so that an  accurate, cohesive study can be diligently sought out. One of the first questions one must consider in trying to interpret one of the more complex pieces of scripture is what does the serpent represent, and why did the author chose to mention it in his narrative? In other words, we can’t get caught up in trivial questions or speculations that were never in the mind of the author. The most obvious dilemma that presents its self in this text is whether to interpret it literally, symbolically, or by a variation of both? Adam Clarke also makes this observation in his commentary, “The whole account is either a simple narrative of facts, or it is an allegory. If it be a historical relation, its literal meaning should be sought out; if it be an allegory, no attempt should be made to explain it, as it would require a direct revelation to ascertain the sense in which it should be understood, for fanciful illustrations are endless”.  I think by observing how the word serpent is used in subsequent passages can enlighten us of its proper usage in the Genesis narrative.

“Dan will be a serpent by the roadside, a viper along the path, that bites the horse’s heels so that its rider tumbles backward.”(Genesis 49:17)

We find Jacob, in this text, blessing his sons and giving details as to what would happen to them in the days to come (Genesis 49:1). Verse 16 says that he will provide justice for his people and verse 18 seems to indicate the means by which this will be carried out. The context and syntax of these few passages lead me to believe that the serpent is being used symbolically in the following verse:

“Then the LORD said to him, “What is that in your hand?” “A staff,” he replied. And he said, “Throw it on the ground.” So he threw it on the ground, and it became a serpent, and Moses ran from it.” (Exodus 4:2-3)

We don’t even have to guess why the serpent was used in this text ,for it clearly stated that Moses was looking for a sign to show the Israelites that God was with him. So while I don’t dispute the literalness of the snake in this verse I do question whether we have missed its greater significance  by being preoccupied with the physicality of the snake. So the question is not whether the serpent is literal or symbolic but rather why is the serpent used to illustrate this part of the story? The serpent was supposed to be brought under subjection just like the rest of the earth. When Adam yielded to the words of the serpent, he became more like the serpent and less like God.

The Bigger Picture

From these several pieces of scripture, I have determined that the serpent (literal or symbolic) can be used in scripture to represent the adversary of man. After the fall, the animal kingdom became violent towards man. We know from Genesis that the serpent was a lower form of creation whom Adam began to reflect after the fall. In my mind, the serpent can also represent carnality at its apex. This is the corrupted wisdom of God. In ancient pagan cultures, the serpent was a symbol of wisdom. Often kings would wear a crown mounted with a serpent to represent the superiority of the mind. I have stated in previous articles that when Adam and Eve desired to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, they were desiring to be autonomous creatures free to create a law within their own individual experience. The serpent or nashaw also means to know by experience.  Before the fall, man understood death only in concept however, after the fall man began to understand death by experience. In other words, the first couple of the earth were brought to death in the realm of their mind. In their mind, they began to perceive reality by experience in the realm of death. Meanwhile, this death that God promised man he would face was brought forth in the form of separation from the life they once experienced in Eden in the cool of the day (Genesis 3:8).

So this brings us to the question, who is the serpent’s offspring? The first promise in the Bible indicates that the offspring of the woman would crush the head of the serpent’s offspring (seed). So are we to understand the serpent’s head to be literally, physically crushed in the ensuing narrative or is there evidence that we should understand this language figuratively? Here are a list of scriptures in the Old Testament that may shed some light on the subject:

“In that day, the LORD will punish with his sword, his fierce, great and powerful sword, Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea.”(Isaiah 27:1)

This time the serpent is indentified as “Leviathan’ which again, given the context would seem to suggest that serpent should be understood as an enemy of God. Ironically, sometimes the serpent is used at His discretion.

“Though they hide themselves on the top of Carmel, there I will hunt them down and seize them. Though they hide from me at the bottom of the sea, there I will command the serpent to bite them.”(Amos 9:3)

It is obvious that it would be impossible for anyone to literally hide at the bottom of the sea. So we must also assume that the serpent that is commanded to bite these covenant breakers should not be understood literally as well. As of matter of fact, when the word serpent is used in the Old Testament it is usually used in some symbolic fashion. Given the weight of these other scriptures where the word serpent is employed, it is apparent to me that we should understand the Genesis 3 usage of the word to be symbolic as well. In other words, I don’t ever think it was the author’s intention for us to get caught up in the physical nature of the snake. I also don’t believe the serpent was evil in the sense that we would use the word today. The fact that the serpent is mentioned amongst the animals that God deemed good should cause us to question this interpretation.

I would just reiterate the fact that the word serpent in scripture is used to personify the epitome of carnality. It represents man at the height of his rebellion. It is also used as a symbol of judgement against the enemies of God. In my view, the serpent also represents wisdom that comes from beneath and not from above. It is a perverted wisdom that attempts to apprehend all knowledge in the realm of the natural. This is what the serpent does, he provides an experience in the natural that nullifies the work of the spirit. The natural man is the god of this fallen age. He doesn’t want this present age to end because he is a god here, This is why he detests the things of the spirit because in essence they represent the first fruits of the new creation, a place where he is no longer a god. Adam was the first man to worship the image of the beast. When he yielded to the words of the serpent he began to reflect the nature of the beast.  Again, there is nothing necessarily evil about a beast or wild animal, however, God created humanity to rule as a “spirit man” and not as a “spirit beast.” He was given charge as a man to rule and subdue the earth. Ezekiel 28 calls the anointed cherub (who I believe to be Adam) the model of perfection and this, I believe, represents him being a set apart pattern for creation. In other words, It was Adam’s job to lead all of creation into worship. As long as Adam reflected the nature of the Father in heaven by feeding on the tree of life, the earth and all of creation was covered by Adam’s obedience to the law. So again, who is the serpent seed? The serpent seed are men who continue to reflect the craftiness of the snake. Man in his fallen state has merged natures with the beast and thereby created an offspring that had never existed on the earth before. The essence of this union is primarily spiritual, much like the new creation that we are in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17). The amplified states that when we became one with Christ, we became a creation that had never existed before. So if the essence of the new creation is predicated on the fact that we are in the last Adam, then the essence of the old creation is founded upon Adam becoming one with the earth (nature) and the beast (serpent).

The serpent seed was kept alive through the descendents of Cain. After Cain was banished from the presence of the Lord and he was condemned to be a wanderer all the days of his life. In my opinion, he arrogantly began to build a city in honor of his son in defiance of the judgement that was placed on him. There is much that could be said at this point about the significance of Cain’s descendents, however, it should be observed that one of his descendents fall into major sin, Lamech.

“Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me. If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times.”(Genesis 4:24).

Ancient Jewish commentator,  Josephus, states that Cain and his descendents gave the world its first arts and pagan religions. “He also introduced a change in that way of simplicity wherein men lived before; and was the author of measures and weights. And whereas they lived innocently and generously while they knew nothing of such arts, HE CHANGED THE WORLD INTO CUNNING CRAFTINESS. He first of all set boundaries about lands; he built a city, and fortified it with walls, and he compelled his family to come together to it; and called that city Enoch, after the name of his eldest son Enoch.”

So the offspring of the serpent is not a physical seed like some bible teachers believe. By that, I mean that there are some theologians who believe that the serpent was the biological father of Cain. It is even taught in Masonic folklore that Cain is the son of Samael (another name for Lucifer supposedly) and that he is actually the widow’s son, a name that Mason’s affectionately use to refer to each other. All of this, I believe to be mere speculation and eisigesis on behalf of the interpreter. I think it is more in line with Biblical logic to assume that the offspring of the seed is a spiritual seed. Think about it, do you ever see an offspring of a real animal contending with the offspring of the woman? So again, whatever we understand about the serpent has to be spiritual. The phrase “crushing the head” is an expression used all throughout scripture to represent destroying the enemies of God and not some physical animal that is possessed by a satan. One clear example of this in Psalms. “It was you who split open the sea by your power; you broke the heads of the monster in the waters. It was you who crushed the heads of Leviathan and gave him as food to the creatures of the desert.” (Psalm 74:13-14). The background of this text of course is the Exodus narrative and the “crushing” of the head of Leviathan (serpent) represents God destroying the Egyptians in the desert.

In general, those outside the covenant of God have been generally labeled as gentiles. The book of Ephesians informs us that there was a “dividing wall of enmity” (hostility) between the covenant keepers and the gentiles. Paul says that He (Jesus) has destroyed the enmity between the two seeds and made peace by creating one new man; “For Christ himself has brought peace to us. He united Jews and Gentiles into one people when, in his own body on the cross, he broke down the wall of hostility that separated us (Ephesians 2:14, NLT). Before the cross there was hostility between the seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, Jesus came to destroy their mutual hatred by abolishing in his flesh the law with its commandments and regulations (Ephesians 2:15). He created a New Man and this is the new creature we are in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17).

In closing, I would say there is still a need to renew our mind with the fact that Christ has destroyed the serpent man of rebellion. This is the old man we use to be. This is the man who became one with death and destruction after the fall. There are several aspects of the serpent nature that include the carnal mind, the religious order, and death. We will look into some of these aspects in the next article.

Adam-The Anointed Cherub

March 9, 2011


Adam, The Anointed Cherubim

By: Julian James

The study of cherubim has been most revealing in the area of spiritual maturity and divine sonship. I have prayed and meditated at length as to why this theme is so important to the body of Christ right now. It is my determination that the study of cherubim helps us to understand the authority that man had in the earth before the fall of Adam. It also gives us a preview of our future glory in Christ Jesus. There has been no real consensus in Church History as the origin and character of these creatures.

From our past articles we know that some commentators have linked cherubim with angels. It is easy to confuse these two spiritual, but yet distinctly different creatures. Cherubim are far more superior creatures. They are representations of God’s character and likeness (Ezekiel 1:3), and are more in the image of God than angels. Man, specifically redeemed man, is the only being in scripture that displays characteristics of cherubim. We know that these creatures were charged to “keep” the way to the Tree of Life (Genesis 3:24), after Adam failed to “keep” the way.

“Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and KEEP it.” (Genesis 2:15)

This makes Adam the ORIGINAL KEEPER OF THE GARDEN. He maintained the same “post” and authority that the cherubim upheld after the fall. In fact, the cherubim were placed there to keep the way to the Tree of Life, and not so much to keep man out. If you look closely at the text the cherubim are not placed at the entrance until after Adam and Eve are banished from the garden.

“So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. AFTER he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way TO the Tree of Life.” (Genesis 3:23-24)

In other words, these creatures were placed in the Garden to keep the way to the Tree of Life until one who was worthy enough to pass by the flaming sword (judgment)would arrive. We know this one was Jesus and he rent the veil in two passing by the flaming swords and entering Eden with his own blood. He then gave birth to a colony of sons that were now allowed to pass by the flaming swords as well. He did this so that we might become “keepers” of the way to the Tree of Life for many other future sons. In other words, as over-comers in Christ we all have access to the Tree of Life again (Revelation 2:7).

Today, I want to challenge your theology a little by trying to bring some clarity to a doctrine that is all to familiar in Christian circles. It is the doctrine Of Satan/Lucifer. This teaching/tradition asserts that Satan was once the anointed cherub, Lucifer. Some conclude that he was the highest of three arch angels in Heaven. The title of Lucifer or Day Star is applied to this creature because it is believed that this angel once covered Heaven’s number one position. There are two texts in the Old Testament by which this Theology is built upon, Ezekiel 28:1-18 and Isaiah 14:12-17. It is noteworthy to observe that both of these texts speak of fallen kings and not fallen angels. In fact, you will not find any references to angels in either of these texts. It is also equally imperative that we capture the contextualization for today’s application. We will consider both texts and hopefully expand our understanding about the “guardian cherub that covers”and Lucifer, the bright and morning star. It is my humble prayer that I might connect with the mind of the readers and allow the Spirit to illuminate these texts from the point of view of the original authors. I am aware that there is symbolism within these texts that needs to be addressed. I also know that there is typology in terms of the “Spirit” that ruled these two kings. It is my assertion and the point of this article that the spirit that was upon these two kings was not the spirit of Lucifer, a fallen angel, but the spirit of Adam, a fallen king.

The Anointed Cherub

1The word of the Lord came to me: 2“Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “’In the pride of your heart you say, “I am a god; I sit on the throne of a god in the heart of the seas. But you are a man and not a god, though you think you are as wise as a god. 3Are you wiser than Daniel? Is no secret hidden from you? 4By your wisdom and understanding you have gained wealth for yourself and amassed gold and silver in your treasuries. 5By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, and because of your wealth your heart has grown proud. 6“‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says:“‘Because you think you are wise, as wise as a god, 7I am going to bring foreigners against you, the most ruthless of nations; they will draw their swords against your beauty and wisdom and pierce your shining splendor. 8They will bring you down to the pit, and you will die a violent death in the heart of the seas. 9Will you then say, “I am a god,”in the presence of those who kill you? You will be but a man, not a god, in the hands of those who slay you. 10You will die the death of the uncircumcised at the hands of foreigners. I have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord.’” 11The word of the Lord came to me, 12Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say unto him, “’Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Thou SEALEST UP THE SUM, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.13Thou wast in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee; in the day that thou wast created they were prepared. 14Thou wast the anointed cherub that covereth: and I set thee,’so that thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 15Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till unrighteousness was found in thee” (Ezekiel; 28:1-15).

Now, I want to provide an exegesis for this text and reconcile it with Genesis 1-3 to show that Adam was a prototype of an anointed king that once guarded the glory of Heaven. Ezekiel 28th chapter contains a prophecy and a lamentation. The prophecy is against the Prince of Tyre (verses 1-11) and the lamentation is taken up against the King of Tyre (verses 12-18). The author is illustrating the parallels between the present leader of Tyre with the first king of the earth, Adam. One is a man while the other is a type of man. This is not a new interpretation. Matthew Henry shares his insight on the subject:

This is commonly understood of the prince who then reigned over Tyre, spoken to, v. 2. His name was Ethbaal, or Ithobalus, as Diodorus. Siculus calls him that was king of Tyre when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed it. He was, it seems, upon all external accounts an accomplished man, very great and famous; but his iniquity was his ruin. Many expositors have suggested that besides the literal sense of this lamentation there is an allegory in it, and that it is an allusion to the fall of the angels that sinned, who undid themselves by their pride. And (as is usual in texts that have a mystical meaning) some passages here refer primarily to the king of Tyre, as that of his merchandises, others to the angels, as that of being in the holy mountain of God. But, if there be any thing mystical in it (as perhaps there may), I shall rather refer it to the FALL OF ADAM, which seems to be glanced at, v. 13. Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God, and that in the day thou wast created.”

Tyre was a city that was known for its commerce. Most historians and theologians are in agreement about the identity of the Prince of Tyre, a man named Ethbaal, or Ithobalus, the father of Jezebel. Ethbaal was a wealthy sea merchant that amassed treasuries by his skillful trade. His kingdom, like many other kingdoms, is said to have been situated on a mountain. It is possible that it was the same mountain the Greeks worshiped Olympus on. This gave the king a “larger than life” mystique and certainly added to his delusional state. During his reign, Ethbaal expanded the power of Tyre on the mainland making all of Phoenicia its territory as far north as Beirut, including Sidon.

The one thing that you must keep in mind when interpreting this chapter is the fact that the language bounces back and forth between the Prince (governor) of Tyre, and the anointed cherub or the King of Tyre. From a historical perspective, these verses(1-10) are obviously describing a real man, but there are other characteristics in this chapter that couldn’t have possibly applied to the Prince of Tyre. We will look at some of these characteristics and reconcile them with the Genesis text. We will do this to see if there is any evidence for parallels between this fallen King of Tyre and Adam the fallen king of Eden.

Now there are several simple hermeneutical tools that we must employ if we are to understand the immediate context and the overall meaning of these particular pieces of scripture. First, most Bible teachers want their students to know the setting, plot, era, and characters of any given text, so they seek to find out the who, what, when, where, and why of the scripture. The other hermeneutical tool is sentence diagramming or mechanical diagrams. This technique helps to capture the thought flow of the author and aids in identifying relationship of ideas to one another. There are several variations of diagrams, but they all primarily serve to divide the subject, predicate, direct object, and modifiers (such as, but, until, therefore). Again, this helps capture the original meaning of the text as the author intended it, and how the original audience understood it. With all that being said, let us consider the syntax and context of these scriptures.

The Seal Of Perfection

It starts out by saying that this King was “the seal of perfection”. Others translations are as follows:

  • the model of perfection (NIV)
  • the perfect example (GWT)
  • Thou sealest up the sum (KJV)

You are the full measure and pattern of exactness[giving the finishing touch to all that constitute completeness]”(Ezekiel 28:12 Amplified)

 These descriptions point to a creature that was the total sum of what God wanted for creation. We know from the book Of Genesis that Adam was perfect in Eden. He had no inherent deficiencies in his character. He was the part of creation that God deemed very good (Genesis 1:26-31). He was at the apex of creation and was made in the very image of God. In other words, he was the crown of creation and the “model” by which the rest of the world was to be formed after. Being the model of perfection also signified the official seal that God imprinted creation with. A seal denotes authority and officialism. Adam was the official seal of the Earth. Just like a birth certificate is not official until it has a state seal, the Earth was not official until it was sealed with Adam. We are God’s official “image bearers”. We know that Jesus is the express image of God (Hebrews 1:3) and it is this image that we were made in and are being transformed into. Before the foundations of the world were laid, God had predestined us to be conformed into the image of His Son (Romans 8:29). Plainly put, we are made in the image of Jesus who is made in the image of the Godhead. Adam was put in Eden to be a model for the rest of creation. God entrusted Adam with the same power that He himself had in the heavenlies. Adam had the same creative power and freedom of choice that God has. He was literally God’s REPRESENTATION on Earth. Adam was a king that was made a king by the King of Kings.  He was the ideal representative for the Earth.

Full of Wisdom

It goes on to say that this king was “full of wisdom and perfect in beauty” (verse 12). These are two characteristics that we have in Christ as New Testament believers. Jesus is made wisdom for us (1Corinthians 1:30) and He is the sole expression of the glory or brightness and radiance. Wisdom is the power to choose the right answer in any situation. Wisdom in this context speaks more of His skill and the way that he applied his knowledge. This wisdom gave Adam the ability to consistently produce optimum results for the Earth with minimal time and energy. Adam was in a place of rest and fellowship with the Creator, and that gave him the power to make the right decision every time. It ultimately gave him the ability to discern right from wrong.  Now at this point, the only wrong that Adam could have committed was not obeying the command of the Lord. Adam was to serve God as priest by keeping the first commandment recorded in the Bible, “But you must not eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.”(Genesis 2:17).

Perfect In Beauty

Being “perfect in beauty” speaks of the anointed cherub’s appearance, more specifically, the body that he was clothed with.  The meaning of brightness or beauty in the original Greek gives the idea of a body that has rays of light emanating from it. One translation says he was handsome in appearance. The beauty of his appearance was derived from the precious stones that adorned and covered him (verse 13).  This moreover speaks of the “light body” that covered the anointed cherub. This body is sometimes called a heavenly body, spiritual body, or celestial body, but they are all the same type of body. It is a body that is primarily “spiritual” but is still in some ways tangible. It is the body that Jesus had on the Mount of Transfiguration. It is also the same body that he appeared in after the Resurrection. It is a body that is so interwoven with the Father’s presence that it can’t help but to produce the tangible glory or brightness of God.  It is the same body that Paul says we will be clothed with at the Resurrection (1Corinthians 15:42).

Ezekiel goes on to say that the anointed cherub was PERFECT in Eden until iniquity was found in him (verse 15).  Now this is where hermeneutics and diagramming come into play. We need to understand that verses 13-15 represent one complete thought, about one person, in a single location, Eden.

“You were in Eden” (verse 13).

“You were anointed as guardian cherub” (verse 14).

“You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created UNTIL iniquity was found in you” (verse 15).

The conjunction, until, helps identify the tense and place of this text (past tense, in Eden). The character in this text was perfect in Eden at one point so, this rules out the possibility of the anointed cherub being Satan. Satan WAS NEVER PERFECT IN EDEN. Satan was the Serpent in Eden that was more subtle than any beast of the field that the Lord God had created (Genesis 3:1).

Some theologians believe that the “Eden” in Ezekiel 28:12 is not the same Eden in the Genesis text. I find this hard to reconcile for several reasons. For one, there are not many references to Eden outside the Book of Genesis.  Also, by the law of first mention, we can reasonably conclude that any subsequent mention of the Garden of Eden is referring the same Garden in Genesis.

You Were in Eden (Every Precious Stone was Thy Covering)

We know that the Garden of Eden was covered with many precious stones (Genesis 2:11-12). The land of Havilah had high quality gold, pearls, and onyx stones. We know the New Jerusalem walls are covered with precious stones as well (Revelation 21:18-20). This lends further proof to the fact that the Eden in Genesis is the same as the Eden mentioned in Ezekiel 28:12. Note the correlation between precious stones in Eden and the building materials of the later tabernacle and temple (Genesis 2:12 with 1 Kings 6:20–22, Exodus 25:7, 11–39; 28:6–27; 1 Chronicles 29:2).

You Were the Anointed (Guardian) Cherub That Covers

The word cherub means “blessing”, and this was the capacity in which the anointed cherub was to function.  The whole earth was originally supposed to be blessed through Adam (Genesis 1:28).  Adam also functioned in the Garden as a guardian or protector. This is evident by the language that is used in Genesis 2:15, “Then the Lord took the man and placed him in the Garden to CULTIVATE and KEEP it.” These words in the Hebrew are abad (work or cultivate) and shamar (to keep or protect). These Hebrew words when combined together in other places in scripture typically denote worship and service in the temple. So by serving in this dual capacity, Adam was to protect the glory of Eden ,while at the same time extending its borders. The rest of the world outside of Eden was chaotic. It was Adam’s job to subdue the Earth and make it habitable by filling it with the Lord’s glory. The authority that Adam functioned in as king over the Earth should not be underestimated. The very fact that Adam was allowed to name the creations  illustrates the dominion that he had (Genesis 2:19-20). God named Adam, and Adam turned around and named the rest of creation including the animals and even his wife. The reason why Adam is the anointed cherub is because he is the highest form of creation and the rest of creation is subject to him. For more understanding of this concept see my article, Who are Cherubim? Part 2.

You Were on the Holy Mountain of God

The Holy Mountain of God is a place of God’s presence. In fact you could say that the Garden of Eden was the first temple or tabernacle of God’s presence. The fact that Eden was the first “temple” can be gleaned by several scriptural observations  Eden, as the place where God walked back and forth with man, is paralleled with later references to the Tabernacle (Genesis 3:8 with Leviticus 26:12, Deuteronomy 23:14; 2 Sam. 7:6–7).  In Ezekiel 28:13–18, the prophet draws a number of parallels between Eden and Israel’s tabernacle/temple. Specifically, the prophet references Eden as a sanctuary and pictures Adam dressed as a priest (verse 13). Ezekiel 28:18 is probably the most explicit place anywhere in canonical literature where the Garden of Eden is called a temple. Evidence from the non-canonical Jewish literature further proves that Judaism in various ways also understood the Garden to be the first sanctuary. G.K. Beale reveals several parallels between the Edenic temple and other temple/sanctuaries in his book “The Temple and the Church’s Mission

The garden is the place of the first priest. Adam was placed in the garden to “cultivate and keep it” (Gen. 2:15). The word, “cultivation” has obvious agricultural meaning, but this pair of terms (cultivate/keep also translated serve/guard) is used elsewhere in the Old Testament to describe the work of the priest (Numbers 3:7–8; 8:25–26; 18:5–6; 1 Chronicles 23:32; Ezekiel 44:14).

Adam’s task in Genesis 2:15 included more than a farm work in the dirt of the garden. It is apparent that priestly obligations in Israel’s temple included the duty of “guarding” to prevent unclean things from entering (Numbers 3:6–7, 32, 38; 18:1–7). This appears to be relevant for Adam, especially in view of the unclean creature lurking on the perimeter of the garden and who then enters. After sin was introduced into the garden, Adam and Eve were barred from the Tree of Life by cherubim. This also alludes to the fact that Adam’s work included more than gardening;he was to protect the garden from evil and uncleanness (Genesis 3:24 with Exodus 25:18–22; 1 Kings 6:29-35, 8:6–7; Ezekiel 28:14–16, 41:18).

  • The Tree of Life provides the model for the lamp stand placed directly outside the holy of holies (Exodus 25:31–36).
  • Temple references in the Old Testament possess botanical, garden-like features (1 Kings 6:18, 29, 32; 7:20–26, 42, 47; Zechariah 1:8–11; Psalm. 74:3–7; 52:8; 92:13–15; Lamentations 2:6; Isaiah 60:13, 21).
  • Like Eden, the eschatological temples feature a source of water (Genesis 2:10 with Ezekiel 47:1–12; Revelation 21:1–2).
  • Eden was situated upon a mountain (Ezekiel 28:14, 16) just like Mount Zion (Exodus 15:17) and the eschatological temple (Ezekiel 40:2; 43:12; Revelation 21:10). Many other dwelling places of God are built on a mountain: Mount Moriah, Mount Gibeon, Mount Arart, Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration.
  • The ark in the holy of holies, which contained the Law, (that led to wisdom) echoes the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (that also led to wisdom). Touching the ark and partaking of the tree’s fruit both resulted in death.
  • Like the tabernacle and temples, Eden was entered from the east (Genesis 3:24 with Ezekiel. 40:6).

Genesis 2:10 reveals that “a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden”. This reference formally distinguishes Eden from the garden. From this you can build the case that Eden and its adjoining garden formed two distinct regions.  You see here tripartite degrees of holiness, similar to the temple complex, comprised of (1) the region outside the garden, or the outer court, (2) the garden representing a sacred place (the holy place), and (3) Eden, where God dwells (the holy of holies).

So I Drove You From the Mountain of God O Covering Cherub

Adam was ultimately rejected by God for not keeping His command. The fall of Adam represents God’s rejection of him as king and priest. Being driven out of Eden, and being cast down from the Mountain of God are two ways of expressing the same act; Adam being expelled from Paradise.  He also lost dominion over the Earth and his power to rule.  Even worse, he lost his light body, the body that once was his covering. This is the body that Adam possessed before the fall, and it allowed him to have direct communion with God. When Adam and Eve are found “naked” in the garden, this doesn’t mean they were literally nude.  It means they no longer possessed their heavenly bodies.  Paul must have had this in mind when he said, “When we are CLOTHED, we will not be found NAKED (1 Corinthians 5:3). He goes on to say, “For while we are in this tent, we groan and are burdened, because we do not wish to be unclothed but to be clothed with our HEAVENLY DWELLING, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life” (2 Corinthians 5:4). So you can see, after being driven from the garden they could no longer hear the voice of God walking in the cool(SPIRIT) of the day. Remember, the only thing they had ever known was the perfect rest of God and now all they would know is sweat and toil.

O Morning Star, Son of the Dawn

Isaiah is usually the other text that the “Satan/Lucifer” doctrine is established on.

12How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! 13You said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. 14I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” 15But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit. 16Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: “Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, 17the man who made the world a desert, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home?”(Isaiah 14:12-17)

We have already considered why Adam is better fit for the anointed cherub than Satan. Now we will see why Satan CAN NOT be Lucifer, the Morning Star.

First of all, Lucifer is a title, and not a name. Lucifer is taken from the Latin word lucem ferre, the name given to the dawn appearance of the planet Venus,which means one who is clothed with or bears light. For this meaning, English generally uses the names “Morning Star” or “Day Star”, and rarely Lucifer. Most modern English versions (including the NIV, NRSV, NASB, NJB and ESV) render the Hebrew word as “day star”, “morning star” or something similar, and never as Lucifer. In English, Lucifer is very rarely used in the sense of the original meaning in Hebrew (Morning Star), even though in Latin, “Lucifer” was a literal translation. So whether it is Day Star, Morning Star, or Lucifer, it all speaks of the same person, Jesus, the bright and morning star (Revelation 22:10). The Greek word, phosphurus, is used here and has the same meaning as its Latin counterpart, lucifer. This Greek word is used in one other place in the New Testament;

“And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the MORNING STAR rises in your hearts.” (2 Peter 1:19).

  So, if Satan is Lucifer, the Day Star, then why would Peter encourage us to let him rise up in our hearts?

The confusion over this word seems to have originated in the 4th century church. The church fathers of this era were the first to apply the title Lucifer to Satan. For reasons that are not altogether clear, these men began identifying the fall of Satan in Luke 10:18 with the fall of Lucifer in Isaiah 14:12 and the fall of the anointed cherub in Ezekiel 28:16. This assumption came via the Latin Vulgate. The Latin Vulgate text of the Bible is a translation completed by Jerome in the early 5th century.  Jerome’s work was not a complete re-translation, and there has been much confusion surrounding the Latin word Lucifer since he added it to the Latin Vulgate in 382 A.D. Some have rejected this usage of the word Lucifer (Day Star), and ironically, find themselves in opposition to the Jewish understanding of the word, heylel.  From their point of view, Lucifer only has meaning in the narrowest sense of the word.

Heyel could be translated in a number of ways in English:165- praise, 117- glory, 14- boast, 10-mad, 8- shine, 3- foolish, 3- fools, 2- commended, 2- rage, 2- celebrate, 1- give, 1- marriage, and 1- renowned.  Proponents of the above view suggest that the meaning of Lucifer in the context of Isaiah 14:12 means, one who is boastful, mad, or foolish.  In other words, Satan was proud and boastful, and this is why he is Lucifer.  Those who hold this view error by taking this word out of its semantical range and applying all of the negative, meanings  This argument ignores the actual context of the verse itself. The morning star, when it is visible, always precedes the dawn. There is an apparent connection between the morning star and the morning.  The phrase “son of the morning,” or “son of dawn” that follows the word, heylel, would make no sense if the meaning of heylel is boastful, mad, foolish, or raging.  It only makes sense if the meaning of heylel is morning star.  Other reputable commentaries have followed suit and have reaffirmed this position.

  • Amplified Bible: “The Hebrew for this expression “light bearer” or “shining one” is translated “Lucifer” in the Latin Vulgate, and is thus translated in the King James Version. But because of the association of that name with Satan, it is now used in this and other translations. Some students feel that the name Lucifer to Satan, in spite of the long and confident teaching to that effect, is erroneous.”
  • Nelson Study Bible: “Tertullian, Milton, and others have linked this passage to the career of Satan on the basis of Luke 10:18, but the text does not specifically make this connection.

So, as you can see from church history, (a neglected study amongst Bible scholars) where this teaching originated, however, Satan was never Lucifer.

The Fall from Heaven

The fall from Heaven in Isaiah 14 has nothing to do with the fall of Satan in Luke 10:18 . The fall from Heaven speaks of the day that Adam fell from a heavenly position of authority to an earthly position of shame. The soul of Adam then emerged and became the new leader inside the inner citadel of man. This is the current state of man.  Through Adam, man can never arrive back at to his position of authority. It is only through Jesus (The Last Adam) that we can have authority over the Earth again.

Who is Satan?

At this point you may be wondering if Satan is not Lucifer, then who is he?  You must keep in mind that Satan is the same diabolical creature that he has always been. We know this from the words of Jesus in John 8.

“You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a MURDER FROM THE BEGINNING, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.”(John 8:44)

It’s hard to make “from the beginning” mean anything other than from the beginning of time. Some theologians such as Wayne Grudem suggest, “From the beginning means from the beginning of Eden and not from the beginning of  time.” This is plausible, but highly unlikely for several reasons. First, making “from the beginning” mean something other than what the language clearly says, is illogical.  In other words, if something has existed in a certain condition “from the beginning”, that means from the time it was formed or established, it was in that condition. Surely we can reason together and follow this line of logic. Furthermore, it is apparent from how the word “beginning” is used in other places in the same book that it speaks of the same meaning. For example, “In the BEGINNING was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1). So if we believe Satan was perfect in the beginning, then we are ignoring the clear words of Jesus. John also reaffirms this position in 1st John.

He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been SINNING FROM THE BEGINNING. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work. (1 John 3:8)

  How much plainer can the Bible be about original state of Satan.

 Now Satan is many things :

  • Tempter
  • Seducer
  • Accuser
  • Murderer
  • Liar
  • Deceiver
  • Adversary
  • Serpent
  • Dragon
  • Ruler of the Air

But he is not now or ever been Lucifer or the anointed cherubim.

Ironically, Satan could be considered a cherubim since cherubim are living creatures. In our last article, we saw that the four living creatures were cherubim. Ezekiel and the four faces of the cherub represented various parts of God’s entire creation. (see Who are the Cherubim? Part 1) We also know that the form that Satan took on in the garden was a serpent. Now, we can not overlook the apparent language.  The Bible calls Satan a serpent, so from the beginning, Adam was always superior to Satan by virtue of him being a higher form of creation. This is what separates an anointed cherubim from a regular cherubim. I am aware of the fact that some believers subscribe to a doctrine that places Satan in a prior Earth Age. I believe this interpretation may have some merit, however, it is a subject to be considered in another article. I also am conscious of the fact that Satan can no longer be a serpent since the New Testament tells us that Satan entered Judas. There is a simple logical and Biblical explanation for this. His flesh was destroyed in the flood with the rest of the Nephelum. (For further explanation, read my teaching on Sons of God). He now convinces people that he was once the anointed cherub when in all actuality he never rose above the form of an animal in the natural world. In my opinion, this is the reason why the theory of evolution is so prevalent in our society. Satan wants man to think that the animal kingdom is at the apex of creation.


I know that this is hard for many of you to receive because tradition has robbed us of the true identity of the “man of  sin.”  The man of sin is not Satan, but Adam. 

“Wherefore, as BY ONE MAN sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned(Romans 5:12)

Adam was the one who said in his heart that he was God (Ezekiel 28:1).  Adam was so interwoven with the Father’s glory that he mistook for it for his own glory. It was Adam who walked amongst the fiery stones in Eden. He was the one that enjoyed God’s perfect presence on the holy mountain of God until iniquity was found in him.  You could say that the spirit of Adam is the corrupt wisdom of Lucifer. It is a spirit the asserts FREE WILL OVER GOD’S WILL. It is a spirit that empowers people to sit on the throne of their own lives. It is a spirit that has been on every corrupt king since the beginning of time. It is a spirit that works hand in hand with domination and self glory. For example it was a common practice in the ancient east for kings to represent themselves as gods to large masses of people. In a sense they became a “covering” for their people and they ruled with absolute power. All the needs of the people were met through the king. These kings, however, did not have the moral compass and wisdom of Adam, the Anointed King of Eden. Adam, after the fall, is the man who still tries to sit on the throne of our lives today. He is our real enemy. It would behoove us to spend more time crucifying the old man and less time binding Satan. Satan is a master deceiver, there is no doubt about that. He has deceived the body of Christ into thinking that he was once the guardian cherub that covers.  When we begin to see our identity through the eyes of the cherubim, we will come to the realization that Jesus’ death was our death. We are the ones that are one with the mercy seat. (For more info. read, Who are the Cherubims? Part 1). We are the ones that are seated with Christ in Heavenly places and our eyes are forever on the mercy seat with Jesus’ blood applied to it. We are a new race of being, the God-Man Race. We are the precious stones that cover our High Priest. We are guardians, and protectors to the way of the Tree of Life for so many people who are still separated from the Tree of Life which is Jesus

The Eden mandate is still in effect today by way of the first great commission that was issued in the garden.

“And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth”..(Genesis 1:28)

 Who has God put in your life to be a guardian over?  Are you a covering and a place of rest for other people? Where are the Edens in your life?  Do you purify and cultivate these sanctuaries? Men, are you covering your house with prayer? Sisters, are you covering your man with intercession? Are we covering our neighborhoods with the glory of God? Remember, we are still charged to be a covering for the earth. God presented Adam to the rest of creation to be an example and it is our job to follow it.


Who are the Cherubims? Part 2

January 19, 2011

In our last article, we began to explore the idea of mature sonship, and how this theme relates to the cherubim creatures first mentioned in Genesis 3:24.  I want to spend some time today elaborating on what these particular creatures were “keeping” in the Garden of Eden. We determined that these creatures were put in Eden to protect the way to the Tree of Life and not so much to keep man away. God’s  judgement alone was enough to keep Adam away from the Tree of Life.  We know that the Tree of Life is accessible again to the overcomer in Christ (Revelation 2:7).  So in essence, we can ascertain that these cherubim were to keep the way to the Tree of Life until one who was worthy to pass by the flaming swords arrived.  This one is Jesus Christ, the New Testament “atonement cover” or “mercy seat”. We have provided several scriptures that reasonably conclude that Jesus is the fulfillment of the old testament mercy seat(Romans 3:25,Hebrews 9:5).  The book of Hebrews goes through much trouble to illustrate this.  Lastly, we looked at Exodus 25:17-22 and determined that the cherubim were in the mercy seat, of the mercy seat, of one piece with the mercy seat, and that these cherubims look toward atonement cover. The atonement cover was the place where the high priest sprinkled blood on the Day of Atonement(Leviticus 16:14). These creatures are constantly looking at the sacrifice on the mercy seat. This is a picture of every believer looking towards the blood of Jesus. His death becomes our death. We become one with the death and the blood of  Jesus, We have a right to follow Jesus past the sword of judgement. So its scriptural to conclude that believers are of Christ as cherubims are of the mercy seat.

                                   CHERUBIMS ARE IN THE VEIL

Let’s look at some other pieces of scripture to help broaden our understanding of these cherubim creatures. Exodus 26 describes the veil(curtain) in the Tabernacle that separated the Holy Place from the Holiest of Holies as being embroidered with cherubims, “Make the Tabernacle from ten curtains of finely woven linen. Decorate the curtains with blue, purple, and scarlet thread and with skillfully embroidered cherubim”(Exodus 26:1).It’s imperative that we observe the symbolism illustrated here. The veil represents a barrier between God and man. This barrier was first established in the garden with the postings of cherubs with the flaming swords(Genesis 3:24). So passing the veil is the same as passing the cherubims with the flaming swords. The High Priest was the only person that was allowed to pass the veil once a year (Hebrews 9:7). So in essence, man was allowed back into Eden once a year. This was only a temporary solution until one (Jesus) who would  come that was worthy to pass by the veil (cherubims) permanently(Matthew 27:51). When Jesus entered into Heaven with his own blood he was really re-entering Eden. Here’s a logical biblical deduction: HEAVEN NEVER WENT ANYWHERE. Heaven in the book of Revelation 21:1 is in the same place it was in Genesis. The location of Heaven has never changed. Our ability to discern Heaven around us and in us only changed after the fall of man. There is coming a time when we will be able to perceive Heaven in its totality. Not only will man be fully redeemed but all of creation will be restored to its original glory(Romans 8:22).


Now we come to a point where we can really begin to see how cherubims differ from angels. The best description we have of these creatures come to us from the book of Ezekiel. The book begins with a vision given to Ezekiel at the river, Chebar. In the vision he sees four living beings,”And from the midst of it came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had a human likeness” (Ezekiel 1:5). He goes on to describes these “creatures”:

6but each of them had four faces and four wings. 7Their legs were straight; their feet were like those of a calf and gleamed like burnished bronze. 8Under their wings on their four sides they had the hands of a man. All four of them had faces and wings, 9and their wings touched one another. Each one went straight ahead; they did not turn as they moved. 10Their faces looked like this: Each of the four had the face of a man, and on the right side each had the face of a lion, and on the left the face of an ox; each also had the face of an eagle. 11Such were their faces. Their wings were spread out upward; each had two wings, one touching the wing of another creature on either side, and two wings covering its body. (Ezekiel 1:6-11)

The next several verses depict their activities.

12Each one went straight ahead. Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, without turning as they went. 13The appearance of the living creatures was like burning coals of fire or like torches. Fire moved back and forth among the creatures; it was bright, and lightning flashed out of it. 14The creatures sped back and forth like flashes of lightning. 15As I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the ground beside each creature with its four faces. 16This was the appearance and structure of the wheels: They sparkled like chrysolite, and all four looked alike. Each appeared to be made like a wheel intersecting a wheel. 17As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced; the wheels did not turn aboutd as the creatures went. 18Their rims were high and awesome, and all four rims were full of eyes all around.19When the living creatures moved, the wheels beside them moved; and when the living creatures rose from the ground, the wheels also rose. 20Wherever the spirit would go, they would go, and the wheels would rise along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. 21When the creatures moved, they also moved; when the creatures stood still, they also stood still; and when the creatures rose from the ground, the wheels rose along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels (Ezekiel 1:12-21).Ezekiel identifies these four living creatures in Ezekiel 10:15″ And the cherubim mounted up. These were the living creatures that I saw by the Chebar canal.” Now, there many different shades of symbolism and meaning in this text but there are several points I want to make that I feel are pertinent to this study.The first is that each creature had four faces. These four faces represent the four classes of creation. This link can be verified in two places in the book of Genesis. “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth(Genesis 1:26).”

 You also see this again after the flood.

8Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him: 9“I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you 10and with every living creature that was with you—the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you—every living creature on earth. 11I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth. 12And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come”.(Genesis 9:8-12)

So the Cherubims are also a picture of restored humanity. In the beginning Adam was the anointed chief over all of creation and this is our future, hope, and glory in Christ Jesus.

In the next article, we will look at some other characteristics of cherubims and how they relate to God’s glory. We will also, Lord willing, begin to look at a non traditional view of the anointed cherub.

Peace, JJ

Who are the Cheribums? Part 1

January 18, 2011

Over the last several months, I have been exploring the idea of “mature sonship”.  This was motivated in part by trying to formulate a theme for a men’s fellowship study. In particular, I have focused on what it means to be a mature son of God. I am encouraged by this study because it seems to be a teaching that transcends multiple denominational lines. In an age where there is so much division in the body of Christ, it is refreshing to see a teaching that can potentially unite us.  For those of you who may not be familiar with, or put off by the term “son” or “sons of God” allow me to expound on this concept briefly.  A mature son is a fully developed, fully functioning believer who is not lacking or needing anything that the world has to offer.  In scripture there are several classes of “sons of God”. For example, in the Old Testament, God calls Israel His “first-born son”. (Exodus 4:22)  He again calls David his son in Psalms 2:7.  Furthermore, in the New Testament, believers are called “sons of God”. (1 John 3:1)  Of course God’s ultimate or unique son is Jesus Christ. (John 3:16)  In addition to all of this, there are two words in the Greek that are both rendered “son” in English. These two words are “huios” and “teknon” respectively. A “huios” is a son that has come to maturity, in today’s terms it would be a son that has come of age. This son no longer needs parental authority and is able to function on his own. This son is not gullible and “is not carried away by every wind of doctrine.” (Ephesians 4:14)  This son is able to produce more sons, he has matured to the point of being able to reproduce himself.  God is able to indwell this son because he is a heavenly conscience creature.  This is a secure son, not wanting or needing praise, recognition,or attention.This son’s origin and destiny in Christ Jesus is that of the cherubim and these sons constantly look toward the blood on the mercy-seat.

A “teknon” on the other hand is a underdeveloped son. This son still needs to be accountable to a tighter authority. This son’s talents and gifts still need to be nurtured so that the immature son doesn’t abuse them.  He is still going through a process. I believe this process is more practical than miraculous.  You see this dynamic played out in several places in the Old Testament.  For example, David was called at age 12 to be king over Israel,however, he didn’t come to his throne until he was 30. My guess is even though David was anointed to be king, he still needed time to mature before he could inherit his throne.  You also see this in the life of Joseph. Joseph received his calling at an early age through a dream, but it took him many years and trials before he was made ruler over all of the Pharaoh’s land in Egypt.  This is the point that most of us as believers are at. However, it comes a time when we are charged “to grow up into Him.” (Ephesians 4:15)  While mature sonship serves as a backdrop to this teaching, it’s not just about mature sonship.  This study is an introduction to a systematic teaching about the nature and origin of cherubims.  I will also explain how these particular creatures relate to the Kingdom of God.

It is my determination that based upon a closer look at tradition and the biblical text, that our traditional view of cherubims have been erroneous.  Traditionally most scholars have classified cherubims as angels.  It is the purpose of this study to distinguish these two spiritual, but distinctively different creatures.  This can be confusing for several reasons.  First of all, there are some places in scripture where angels do refer to men. Second, both angels and cherubims are described as winged creatures.  Lastly, there are some angels that have the power to materialize into men.

THE FIRST MENTION OF CHERUBIMS                                                                                                      Cherubims first come on the scene in Genesis 3:24 “So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.” Now most people assume that they were there to keep man away from the tree of life but the text clearly states that they were there to keep the way to the tree of life.  This is what makes the study of cherubims significant. What are these creatures actually keeping?  The Hebrew word for “keep” is “shamar”. This word means, “to guard or protect”, it also gives the idea of working or being responsible for something. 


The next mention of cherubims occurs in Exodus 25.

17And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 18And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. 19And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. 20And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. 21And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. 22And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.(Exodus 25:17-22)

There are several points of significance that should be emphasised about these creatures:

  1. They are in the mercy seat
  2. They are of the mercy seat
  3. They are one piece with the mercy seat.
  4. They are facing each other looking towards the mercy seat, or atonement cover.

Of course, the mercy seat was where the blood was placed on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 16:14) This is an Old Testament concept that foreshadowed a New Testament fulfillment. 


 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished(Romans 3:25 NIV)

Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.(Romans 3:25 KJV)

Whom God put forward [before the eyes of all] as a mercy seat {and} propitiation by His blood [the cleansing and life-giving sacrifice of atonement and reconciliation, to be received] through faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in His divine forbearance He had passed over {and} ignored former sins without punishment. (Romans 3:25 AMP)

So whether it’s a propitiation, mercy seat, or atonement cover; it all points to the same person, Jesus the High Priest of the New Covenant.  This is fully brought out in Hebrews 9:5.

 Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover. But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.(Hebrews 9:5)

So if Jesus is the new testament mercy seat or atonement cover, then who are the new testament cherubim?  They would have to be creatures who were in and of Christ.  The new testament is unanimous about who these creatures are, they are redeemed believers in Christ.  It is us, not angels that are a new “creation” in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17)  We are the ones that are begotten from above. (John 3:3) We are the ones that are born of the eternal substance.(Hebrews 5:9)

  1. We are in Christ
  2. We are of Christ
  3. We are one with Christ
  4. We look toward the blood on the mercy seat (Christ).   

 Angels on the other hand, are ministering spirits.(Hebrews 1:14)  Angels serve those (believers) who will inherit salvation.  Angels are not in Christ (at least not in the earth). New testament believers are crowned with the same glory as Jesus.

9But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. 10In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers. 12He says, “I will declare your name to my brothers; in the presence of the congregation I will sing your praises.”(Hebrews 2:9-12)

This may seem confusing at first, Jesus being made lower than the angels. This is however, a quote from the old testament (Psalm 8:5) “you made Him a little lower than the angels” should be translated “you made Him a little lower than Elohim or the Divine Counsel.”   This is the only place in the old testament where “elohiym” is translated “angels”. (Strong’s #430)

In the next article, we will discuss different functions and manifestations of these cherubim creatures.  We will also take a closer look at the anointed cherub as he is described in Ezekiel 28.


What is Blaspheming the Holy ghost?

October 23, 2009

Many people believe they have committed the “unpardonable sin.” The sin of blaspheming against the Holy spirit. It is my observation that most don’t come near this and others are just naively ignorant to it. Blaspheming the Holy spirit is depicted in Matthew 12:31. Jesus explained this solemn sin in connection to an accusation that he was driving demons out by the power of  Satan (verse 24).

                    What would blaspheming the Holy spirit look like today?

      Some believe that blaspheming the Holy spirit today is committing a sin against Jesus, but the Bible says otherwise. Look at verse 32 in Matthew 12,   “And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man (Jesus) will be forgiven, BUT whosoever speaketh against the Holy spirit it shall not be forgiven in this lifetime neither in the world to come.” So this unpardonable sin  is not directed towards Jesus, but against His spirit that he promised to send us in His Father’s name. The Holy spirit is God’s witness and we should never lie on him or attribute power to anyone but God . This is done today when people accuse certain ministries, particularly healing ministries, of being phony or fraud. This is very dangerous territory to be in. We must be careful not to attribute any power to Satan when we see a supernatural act of nature because, if  by chance we are wrong, then we can expect to be eternally separated from God. I believe this sin is so critical because it’s a sin against the witness of Jesus. Jesus said that the spirit would testify of him. The Holy spirit is our only advocate on earth while Jesus remains our advocate in Heaven.

                 If you reject Jesus isn’t that eternal separation from God?

           The answer to this question is yes, but this is resisting the spirit and not blaspheming the spirit. It too is unpardonable because you resist Jesus’ spirit and don’t secure your eternal salvation.You resisted that voice that tried to convict you to come to Jesus and now it’s too late. Again this sin is against the spirit and not Jesus himself. Remember no one can say Jesus is Lord except by the Holy spirit. For an example of resisting the spirit see Acts 7:51.

 In summary, I am alarmed when I hear a believer mention the gifts of the spirit in a negative light. It’s a dangerous thing to speak against the supernatural ministry of the Holy spirit. While I would be remiss by not saying that the gifts have been exploited and manipulated by many, this still gives no one the right to question the authority of  any ministry. We need to be  particularly careful when we judge people who speak or pray in tongues. Many preachers and so-called theologians still teach that speaking in tongues is demonic. I can assure you that according to scripture they have already sealed their faith.  It’s best not to judge at all if you are not 100% sure.

 Peace, Julian James

Does the Catholic Church Set the Precedent for Deliverance?

October 22, 2009

 This is my response to a comment that a friend of mine made in reference to seeing a show on exorcism and the devil on the History Channel.

 Just one small side caveat to our conversation earlier. He had mentioned that the Catholic church said something about making sure that potentially possessed people would need an evaluation before they could be deemed possessed. The Catholic church has no authority to set the precedent for exorcism or what would now be more appropriately called “deliverance”.  Of all people they have deviated the most from biblical deliverance. They said they only hold exorcisms in private, and I thought that was a joke because there is never a mention anywhere in the Bible where they held “private exorcisms”. Exorcisms were always done out in the open and sometimes in a temple in the middle of service. (see Mark 1:22-26)  Also, there is never any mention of anyone in the Bible who spoke in tongues and was demon possessed. There is a demonic tongue but it’s not the same as what the Apostle Paul and Jude called the “tongues of angels”. These tongues were received at the inception of the church on the day of Pentecost.  One last thing brother, demon spirits are very real. Some may argue that it is all in your mind and hence this paradoxically defines the problem. Demons have no other place to lodge themselves but in the mind. Its been proven that the movie Exorcist overdramatized the reality of demon spirits. What I mean by that is a true “exorcist” knows that a demon doesn’t possess anyone in a “ownership” capacity.  At best, the host still has some control even in the most extreme cases. That being said, even the psychological world has turned back to the Bible for answers. Some thought for years that demon possession was an extreme case of schizophrenia or multiple personality disorder. However, what some psychologists have now found lurking behind these multiple personalities are evil personalities themselves. The other personality emerged to keep the host safe. I don’t want to seem dogmatic but the reality of demon spirits can not be underestimated.

 If demon spirits are not real, then Jesus is a liar and not the Son of God. Also it’s noteworthy to observe that demons manifest themselves now the same way they did two thousand years ago. They still run in “stark terror” and tremble at the mention of  the blood of Jesus. Why the name of Jesus and not any other name? This should reasonably prove that Jesus knew what he was talking about two thousand years ago and was not ignorant or demon possessed himself as some so called theologians have tried to espouse.

Peace, Julian James


Unveiling the Occult- Demon Spirits pt 1

October 17, 2009

What are demon spirits?  Demon spirits in my best estimation are the disembodied spirits of the Nephilim or the Sons of God mentioned in Genesis 6th chapter. Many theologians have suggested for years including my hero in the faith Derek Prince that demons spirits are the offspring of a preadamic race. I have always found this hard to reconcile scripturally because there is no mention of a preadamic race in the bible.

 Over the last several years there has been a small group of ministers introducing the Book of Enoch into systematic teaching  for explaining the nature and origin of  demon spirits. I was a little put off by this at first because I believed the Book of Enoch to be just another false “lost” book of the Bible. I’m always skeptical about any “Extra Biblical” teaching. That being said, I began to read the book of Enoch with the same apprehension I would use when reading a book by a modern day Christian writer. I also started looking for support in scripture for validation about some of its claims about demon spirits. The most interesting thing that I found out about Enoch in the bible is mentioned in Jude 14 “And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, behold the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints.”  I asked myself two questions after reading this. One, what was Enoch prophesying about? 2 And how did Jude know that Enoch prophesied at all, being that the Bible never mentions Enoch doing such a thing. The only thing we know about Enoch was that he was translated into Heaven! I also began to dissect the whole Book of Jude. I discovered that verse six mentions a group of angels that “kept not their first estate.” It says “And the angels that kept not their first estate but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgement of that great day.” So who are these angels, and why did they keep not their first estate? This I believe is first brought out in Genesis 6th chapter “And when it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth , and daughters were born unto them: That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair, and they took wives of all which they chose.”  Most theologians will tell you that “Sons of God” here is referring to “Satan’s angels”. We can verify this by seeing how the phrase “Sons of God” is used in the book of Job.  The book of Job was written in the same literary genre as the book of Genesis.  Job 2: 1 says “There was a day when the “Sons of  God” came to present themselves before the Lord and SATAN came also among them to present himself before the Lord” So it obvious that the Sons of God” are “Satan’s angels”. I know this must be somewhat confusing being that we(believers) are also refered to as the “Sons of God”. This however is not how the phrase was used in Old Testament writing.  The Sons of  God in the Old Testament are a group of angels that perverted the human race by having sex with women. I know this might sound a bit outlandish and out of Greek mythology but this what the oldest Jewish writers attest to. Lets look again at Genesis 6. It says in verse 4 ” That there were giants in the  Earth in those days and AFTER when the “Sons of  God” came into the daughters of men and they bare children to them” It’s noteworthy to observe the fact that they(Sons of God) were on the Earth in those days AND AFTER.  I belive  this is simply overlooked by most people.  In those days, again in ” Genesis writing”  this means the days “before the flood” . So there were giants (Sons of God) in “those days” and after the flood. These giants produced the Nephilim. The Nephilim are the offspring of the union between the “Sons of God” and the daughters of men. They produced a half human, half angelic race. These beings were utterly evil, In fact, verse 5 of the same chapter in Genesis says that the ” imaginations of the thoughts of the heart was evil continually”. Think about that, evil continually. That means there was evil on the earth ALL THE TIME.  Even the evil of today pales in comparison to the evil in the days before the flood. We live in an evil world now, but there are still a number of people who take their stand against evil. This wasn’t the case in Noah’s day. He is only man who God found righteous and all other flesh was destroyed.  So if all flesh was destroyed in the flood, then how was there Giants on the earth  in” those days “AND after? I believe this is where the book of Enoch is helpful. Its says “But now the Giants who are born from the union of the spirits (Sons of God) and the flesh shall be called EVIL SPIRITS ON THE EARTH, because  their dwelling shall be on the Earth and in the Earth. It all started making sense to me. I finally understood who the angels were that kept not their first estate mentioned in Jude. They are the same angels that Peter mentions in 2 Peter2:4-5. ” For if God spared not the angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgement.” Its goes on to say ” If he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood  on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness and seven other.” I find it interesting that these angels are mentioned in reference to the “ancient world”, the world before the flood.  This is also brought out in 1 Peter 3: 19 where it  says “He ( Jesus)  went and preached to the spirits in prison who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built.”  Again the time of Noah (the time before the flood) is mentioned when talking about these particular angels. All of this has led me to believe that the spirits in Jude 6 that kept not their first estate are the sons of God mentioned in Genesis 6th chapter. They kept not their first estate by “disrobing” or coming out of their celestial bodies to take on the bodies of  men to have sex with women . They did this in part to experience carnal pleasure, but also to corrupt the flesh of man to prevent the coming of  the Messiah.  These Angels are a special breed of “fallen angels” that  no longer desired angelic bodies and settled for the bodies of humans. These are NOT the angels that originally rebelled with Lucifer in Heaven. The angels that originally rebelled with Lucifer still maintain  their celestial position and body. Demon spirits  no longer have celestial bodies because they lost their bodies in the flood. However they didn’t lose their spirits. There spirits remained on the earth and these are the invisible forces that we have to contend with daily. They are trapped in chains because they are bound to the earth. They are awaiting a special judgement because of their rebellion and for dishonoring thier celestial bodies. They are extremely wicked and work directly against us.  They don’t however work  with out methodical planning.

                  How do demon spirits work  and what space do they occupy?

           Demon spirits work directly against us with a deliberate plot. They have been conspiring against us our whole life.  Even in the womb a plan was put together by Satan himself for his demons to carry out his will for your life. These demons are personalities without bodies. They lost there bodies in the flood and are now trapped in the earth. This is where this particular doctrine becomes  important. These spirits know that they are trapped and bodiless. They also know that there is no hope for redemption or even the chance of them becoming angels again. They are angry, resentful, and want you to be judged with them. They also want to torment and torture us before  they are forever judged and casted into the lake of fire. They are bound to the earth now awaiting  judgement . This is why Jesus says in Matthew 12:43 ” When  an unclean spirit goes out of a man he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and finding none.”  The demon is limited to dry places because he lost his wings. If he were still an angel he wouldn’t  be bound to land.  This is an imperative point to put emphasis on. It’s important because I believe we need a more direct strategy in terms of spiritual warfare.  By direct I mean that Satan himself never comes after us. He and his angels headquarters are in the second heaven. Many of us ignorantly believe that Satan is trapped in some pit underneath the earth. This is just  a fairytale of course. We already know from an earlier study that Satan is called the “ruler of the air”. His angels that didn’t give up their celestial bodies, they still maintain their posistion in the second heaven with him. They are more sophisticated in nature and work diligently on the atmosphere and the air ways. Their job is not to come directly against us. They have bigger fish to fry. What are these bigger fish? They are the television, the internet, the school system, government facilities, lawmakers, etc. Why is this important?  It’s important because Jesus never casted out or rebuked “fallen angels” he only casted out DEMONS. We dont have authority to cast out fallen angels because they are still angels. This is why Michael was careful not to bring any railing accusation against them. They still maintain a celestial body and you should never underestimate thier power. Demons however  need a body to occupy, they are powerless without one. The only way they gain access to the body is through the mind. Many wrong and evil thoughts we have are the vexation of demons attempting to gain access to the body. Many of us are unaware of this invisible warfare going on all around us.

                                     Is the Book of Enoch credible?

              Some may be ready to call me a heretic because I used the book of Enoch as a part of this teaching. I can only answer this by saying that Jude quoted from it as well and we know he was no heretic. For whatever reason it was omitted from canon gospel. Ironically  the Ethiopian Orthodox Church still includes it in their Bible.  We have much more to learn about our invisible enemies. My next article will deal with distinctive differences between demons and fallen angels.

Peace, Julian James